peer review


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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review1

an appraisal by professional coworkers of equal status of the way an individual health professional conducts practice, education, or research. The appraisal uses accepted standards as measures against which performance is weighed. See also Professional Standards Review Organization.

peer review2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer review,

n 1. a retrospective consideration or an examination by one or more individuals of equal standing or rank.
n 2. a process established to provide for review by licensed dental professionals of the care by a dental professional for a single patient; disputes regarding fees; cases submitted by carriers and initiated by patients or dental professionals; and quality of care and appropriateness of treatment.
peer review organization (PRO),
n an organization established by an amendment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) to provide for the review of medical services furnished primarily in a hospital setting or in conjunction with care provided under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. In addition to their review and monitoring functions, these entities can invoke sanctions, penalties, or other corrective actions for noncompliance in organization standards.
peer review system,
n a professionally sponsored and operated system for the rendering of professional judgment on disagreements between or among dental professionals, patients, or fiscal intermediaries, respecting quality of care and related matters.

peer review

judgments of other scientists who work in the same field on the merits of papers submitted for publication, applications for reseach funding,
References in periodicals archive ?
It is worth remembering that submissions that are sent out for peer review have shown enough merit to be above the editors' desk or bench rejection--meaning that the editors see significant potential in the article.
In terms of the peer review process, access is the advancement of a manuscript or grant proposal submitted for funding consideration.
A physician who suddenly discovers that the hospital sent some of his charts for external peer review six months ago is six months behind in taking appropriate action to protect himself.
Peer tutors then distribute a sample paper they have written along with guidelines for writing a formal peer review memo.
93) Critics also contend that there is a lack of evidence confirming that peer review accomplishes its purported goal of improving the quality of health care.
If a PCE does not ripen into a medical malpractice claim or form the basis of a separate professional review for adverse privileging action, then the PCE-initiated risk management peer review concludes at the MTF level with the completion of required Centralized Credentials Quality Assurance System notifications and the report to the MTF commander.
The peer reviewer did not perform the pre-issuance review within the year immediately preceding or during the peer review year.
As it now stands, physicians should continue to note that if they serve on peer review committees, they should be guided by the protections provided in their respective state peer review law.
The supreme court acknowledged that its "interpretation of the history of these statutes thus far has been to err on the side of protecting the confidentiality of the peer review process" and that "district court case law in Florida has uniformly denied discovery of documents created by a peer review committee in civil litigation.
The environment in which public accounting firms are working is vastly different than in 1988 when the AICPA Peer Review Program was adopted.
Opening the peer review process to the larger scientific community could have multiple benefits--scrutiny by a broader audience may give study authors more ideas for improving their research and catch more low-quality and fraudulent papers before they enter the scientific record.
To identify the most meritorious research proposals, all grant applications submitted to the NIEHS (as well as to other NIH institutes and centers) must undergo individual peer review.