pedigree


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Related to pedigree: Pedigree chart

pedigree

 [ped´ĭ-gre″]
a table, chart, diagram, or list of an individual's ancestors, used in genetics in the analysis of mendelian inheritance.

ped·i·gree

(ped'i-grē),
Ancestral line of descent, especially as diagrammed on a chart to show ancestral history; used in genetics to analyze inheritance.
[M.E. pedegra fr. O.Fr. pie de grue, foot of crane]

pedigree

/ped·i·gree/ (ped´ĭ-gre) a table, chart, diagram, or list of an individual's ancestors, used in genetics in the analysis of mendelian inheritance.

pedigree

(pĕd′ĭ-grē′)
n.
1.
a. A line of ancestors; a lineage.
b. A list of ancestors; a family tree.
2. A chart of an individual's ancestors used in human genetics to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits, especially of familial diseases.
3. A list of the ancestors of a purebred animal.

ped′i·greed′ adj.

pedigree

[ped′əgrē]
Etymology: Fr, pied de grue, crane's foot pattern
1 line of descent; lineage; ancestry.
2 a chart that shows the genetic makeup of a person's ancestors, used in the mendelian analysis of an inherited characteristic or disease in a particular family. It typically uses squares to represent males and circles to represent females. The figures may be unshaded, shaded, or partially shaded to designate normal individuals, those affected by the disease or trait, and those who are carriers. The generations are numbered with roman numerals at the left, with the most recent at the bottom, and members within each generation are designated by arabic numerals from left to right according to age, with the oldest at the left. The inquiry begins with the siblings of the affected person and proceeds to the parents and grandparents and any of their immediate relatives. See also Punnett square.
Academia A popular term for a person’s educational ‘lineage’—i.e., where he or she studied; a physician with a pedigree has studied at ‘premier’ undergraduate institutions, medical schools, and ‘center of excellence’ teaching hospitals
Genetics An ancestral chart of the blood relatives and mates of an index patient with a disease or a particular hereditary trait; a family health history diagrammed with a standard set of symbols to indicate the individuals in the family, their relationships to one another, and members with a particular disease

pedigree

Academia A popular term for a person's educational 'lineage', ie, where he or she studied; a physician with a pedigree has studied at 'premiere' undergraduate institution, medical school, and 'center of excellence' teaching hospital Genetics An ancestral chart of the blood relatives and mates of an index Pt with a disease or a particular hereditary trait; a family health history diagrammed with a standard set of symbols to indicate the individuals in the family, their relationships to one another, and members with a particular disease

ped·i·gree

(ped'i-grē)
Ancestral line of descent, especially as diagrammed on a chart to show ancestral history; used in genetics to analyze inheritance.
[M.E. pedegra fr. O.Fr. pie de grue, foot of crane]

pedigree

A family tree, showing the members who have suffered from hereditary disorder, prepared for purposes of genetic diagnosis and research.

pedigree

the ancestral history of a group of organisms.

pedigree 

A chart or diagram of the ancestral history of a family or of an extended family (kindred), or of individual family members, their relationships and their status regarding a trait or condition. It is used in genetics to analyze inheritance. The analysis often begins with an affected family member (called a proband or propositus) through whom the family is ascertained (Fig. P5). See gene; inheritance.
Fig. P5 Common pedigree symbolsenlarge picture
Fig. P5 Common pedigree symbols

pedigree

a table, chart, diagram, or list of an animal's ancestors, used in genetics in the analysis of mendelian inheritance, and in the prediction of productivity and breed quality in the offspring.

pedigree analysis
a useful basis for planning a program to eliminate an inherited defect; the analysis determines the probability that each prospective parent is homozygous for the normal gene, i.e. is not a carrier for the anomaly gene; potential parents with a probability of >95% can be used with confidence.
pedigree herds
herds or flocks composed of animals whose pedigrees are known. Not necessarily stud herds or registered herd but the terms are usually synonymous.
pedigree index
the average of the predicted difference of the sire and the cow index of the dam. The pedigree index is allotted to the offspring.
pedigree selection
use of an individual's pedigree to select breeding animals.
pedigree verification
verification via breed societies and production testing agencies, horse stud books and race records are all used; checks via coat color, blood cell antigens may assist.
References in periodicals archive ?
In some recent published studies, pedigree analysis has been performed in Iranian Markhoz goat breed as well as in Cashmere goat breed of South Khorasan (Rashidi et al.
There has been an upsurge in the numbers of commercial animals at all the shows, but a decline in the number of pedigree beef cattle being exhibited," she said.
While the expo was focused on pedigree stock competing in numerous show classes, it also facilitated the profiling of the future development strategies required by the beef industry as a whole.
Because the numbers of other breeds in the survey were generally small, they were grouped together to score an average for pedigrees of 20.
com is a leading international horse and equestrian website featuring advanced horse classifieds, articles, blogs and forums plus a tack shop, a horse pedigree database, ask a horse pro, and a unique equine social network.
The launch will be supported with trade advertising and promoted as part of a wider [pounds sterling]6m Pedigree advertising campaign during 2012.
The grant they have received today will go towards the funding of the Pedigree Nursery.
Helen Williams, head of Sainsbury's Pet Insurance, said: "Those with pedigree pets can often face even higher veterinary bills because these animals often suffer more from hereditary health problems.
Importantly, we want to assure you that Pedigree will ensure that your donations reach the right place and will give the full pounds 30,000 pledged to help dogs in need of a new home.
The Agency also announced that, while the rulemaking is pending, it intends to exercise enforcement discretion regarding the statutory pedigree requirements of the PDMA and certain related regulatory requirements, provided that pedigrees issued by wholesale distributors identify the last ADR that handled the drug and the date of the transaction, as well as the names and addresses of all unauthorized distributors that handled the drug subsequent to that ADR and the corresponding dates of those transactions.
The Mate Select service, now available through the Kennel Club website, enables owners to assess how a proposed mating of two registered pedigree dogs will affect the genetic diversity of the whole breed.
There are more pedigree cats than you can shake a cat at.