pedicle flap


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Related to pedicle flap: pedicle graft

flap

 [flap]
1. a mass of tissue for grafting, usually including skin, only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site.
2. an uncontrolled movement.
advancement flap sliding flap.
axial pattern flap a myocutaneous flap containing an artery in its long axis.
free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis.
island flap a flap consisting of skin and subcutaneous tissue, with a pedicle made up of only the nutrient vessels.
jump flap one cut from the abdomen and attached to a flap of the same size on the forearm. The forearm flap is transferred later to some other part of the body to fill a defect there.
myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. See also axial pattern flap and random pattern flap.
pedicle flap a flap consisting of the full thickness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, attached by tissue through which it receives its blood supply. Called also pedicle graft.
random pattern flap a myocutaneous flap with a random pattern of arteries, as opposed to an axial pattern flap.
rope flap tube flap.
rotation flap a local pedicle flap whose width is increased by having the edge distal to the defect form a curved line; the flap is then rotated and a counterincision is made at the base of the curved line, which increases the mobility of the flap.
skin flap a full-thickness mass or flap of tissue containing epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue.
sliding flap a flap carried to its new position by a sliding technique; called also advancement flap.
tube flap (tubed pedicle flap) a bipedicle flap made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at the two extremities, the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube.

ped·i·cle flap

in periodontal surgery, a flap used to increase the width of attached gingiva, or to cover a root surface, by moving the attached gingiva, which remains joined at one side, to an adjacent position and suturing the free end. Term is considered obsolete in some disciplines (for example, plastic surgery).

pedicle flap

Pedicle Plastic surgery A peninsula of donor tissue, muscle, and blood vessels transferred to reconstruct a recipient site

ped·i·cle flap

(ped'i-kĕl flap)
1. A skin flap sustained by a blood-carrying stem from the donor site during transfer;
2. periodontal surgery A flap used to increase the width of attached gingiva, or to cover a root surface, by moving the attached gingiva, which remains joined at one side, to an adjacent position and suturing the free end.

Pedicle flap

Also called an attached flap. A section of tissue, with its blood supply intact, which is maneuvered to another part of the body.
Mentioned in: Breast Reconstruction

ped·i·cle flap

(ped'i-kĕl flap)
In periodontal surgery, flap used to increase width of attached gingiva, or cover a root surface, by moving attached gingiva, which remains joined at one side, to an adjacent position and suturing free end.
References in periodicals archive ?
The long pedicle flap (up to 20 centimeters) with large caliber vessels facilitates surgery without repositioning of the patient during surgery, which decreases the surgical time.
Repair of a dentogingival defect with a pedicle flap. J Periodontol.
Gingival recession usually corrected by a number of procedures including Lateral pedicle flaps (4), Coronally positioned flap (5), Free gingival autografts (6), Semilunar coronally repositioned flap (7), Subepithelial connective tissue autografts (8) and Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) procedures (9).
(3.) Lehman J III, Meister F Jr, Gerstein H, Use of a pedicle flap to correct an endodontic problem: a case report.
Island pedicle flap for repair of the lower helical rim and earlobe.
After multiple efforts to heal an infected nonunion of the proximal ulna, Meals (1989) has used a flexor carpi ulnaris muscle pedicle flap to improve blood supply and soft-tissue coverage at the nonunion site and observed promoted bone healing and restoration of useful elbow function.
Osteoplastic thumb reconstruction is a technique by which bone graft is covered by a tubed pedicle flap. It was originally described by Nicoladoni (7) in 1897, but results of the technique were generally unsatisfactory prior to 1955 because of inadequate sensory perception.
(3) The V-Y advancement flap, also known as the island pedicle flap, with bilateral, opposed design, has been advocated for reconstruction of full and partial thickness lip defects.
Cases of postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula treated using a gastric seromuscular and omental pedicle flap have been reported which maintained good postoperative respiratory function.
Limitations of this free or pedicle flap include sacrifice of the radial artery and morbidity at the donor site and adjacent joints, particularly in older patients.
The adjacent partial-thickness pedicle flap from 32 and 33 (Fig.
Waterproofing with well vascularized pedicle flap prevent from metal stenosis.