pectus excavatum


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pectus

 [pek´tus]
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.

pec·tus ex·ca·va·'tum

[MIM*169300] Avoid using the simple word pectus in the special sense of pectus excavatum. Avoid the incorrect phrase pectus excavatus.
A hollow at the lower part of the chest caused by a backward displacement of the xiphoid cartilage.

pectus excavatum

pectus excavatum

 Funnel chest, see there.

pec·tus ex·ca·va·tum

(pek'tŭs eks'kă-vā'tŭm)
A hollow at the lower part of the thorax (chest) caused by a backward displacement of the xiphoid cartilage.
Synonym(s): funnel breast, funnel chest.
Enlarge picture
PECTUS EXCAVATUM

pectus excavatum

A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration
See also: pectus

Pectus excavatum

An abnormality of the chest in which the sternum (breastbone) sinks inward; sometimes called "funnel chest."
Mentioned in: Marfan Syndrome

pectus

[L.] breast, chest, thorax.

pectus carinatum
a congential deformity in which the sternum is angled caudoventrally and protrudes; less common than pectus excavatum (below). Called also pigeon breast.
pectus excavatum
a congenital deformity in which the sternum and caudal ribs are concave, reducing the thoracic cavity space. Seen in puppies and kittens.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cardiopulmonary functional consequences are insignificant in the protrusional deformities and inconsistent in pectus excavatum and the indications for surgery are mainly cosmetic4.
Besides, in some cases, despite of good functional results, after operative correction of pectus excavatum deformity during the growing of children the atypical deformations of the chest are progressing and forming (Haje, Harcke and Bowen, 1999; Sadler, 2000).
Another remarkable study on the efficacy of hypnosis in the surgical melieu assessed the effects of perioperative hypnosis on reducing the length of hospitalization and alter the need for postoperative analgesics in patients undergoing the Nuss procedure, a difficult and invasive procedure to correct pectus excavatum.
El torax es usualmente estrecho con pectus excavatum y lordosis lumbar aumentada.
Se puede presentar pectus excavatum o pectus carinatum, acortamiento del esternon y costillas supernumerarias.
So what does this adventure have to do with My Private Pectus, a story about an insecure 17-year-old boy with a secret chest deformity called Pectus Excavatum, or Sunken Chest Syndrome?
It may offer planning solutions in cases where anatomical abnormalities pose a problem, for instance with chest wall abnormalities such as severe pectus excavatum.
Recently, as her lung capacity was only 60%, her pectus excavatum was surgically corrected, which it is hoped has improved her oxygen uptake.
Haje e colaboradores (2002) desenvolveram estudos com 4303 escolares brasileiros onde se fez uma triagem daqueles que possuiam alteracoes toracicas sendo encontrados, 39 casos de pectus carinatum e 2 de pectus excavatum, totalizando 41 ocorrencias.
AFunnel chest or pectus excavatum is a congenital deformity of the ribcage where the breastbone is pushed inwards leaving a dip in the chest.