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Related to pectus carinatum: pectus excavatum
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
flattening of the chest on either side with forward projection of the sternum resembling the keel of a boat.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Physical examination Anterior displacement of the sternum, adjacent cartilage, and anterior rib cage due to abnormal pulling by respiratory muscles on soft bone, enlargement of costochondral junctions and flattening of thorax, a finding typical of advanced rickets, deep depression of the costal cartilage on each side of the sternum; it is most apparent below the nipple, involving the 4th to 7-8th costal cartilages
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
pectus carinatumPigeon-breast, see there.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
pec·tus ca·ri·na·tum(pek'tŭs kar'i-nā'tŭm)
Flattening of the thorax (chest) on either side with forward projection of the sternum resembling the keel of a boat.
Synonym(s): chicken breast.
Synonym(s): chicken breast.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
pectus(pek'tus) plural.pectora [L.]
pectus carinatumPigeon chest.
A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration
pectus recurvatumPectus excavatum.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
An abnormality of the chest in which the sternum (breastbone) is pushed outward. It is sometimes called "pigeon breast."
Mentioned in: Marfan Syndrome
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about pectus carinatum
Q. i ate a piece of chicken breast and bone is stuck in my throat what to do
A. You should seek medical treatment - if it's stuck high enough the may be to remove it with simple maneuver. Otherwise, the may use endocscopy (a pipe-like device with a camera that helps to get the bone out). It may cause problems such as tearing and causing a hole in your throat or your digestive tract, so it should be removed.More discussions about pectus carinatum
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