pectus carinatum


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Related to pectus carinatum: pectus excavatum

pectus

 [pek´tus]
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.

pec·tus ca·ri·na·'tum

flattening of the chest on either side with forward projection of the sternum resembling the keel of a boat.

pectus carinatum

Pectus carinatum is a far less common (ratio, 1:3 to 1:13) chest wall deformity than pectus excavatum; it is more common in men (2–3:1). While it is generally asymptomatic, cardiorespiratory symptoms in the form of palpitations, dyspnea, and wheezing are not uncommon, may be accentuated during exercise and disappear after surgery. Bronchial and pulmonary symptoms of asthma and chronic bronchitis occur in 16.4% of the patients. Because the physical deformity can evoke ridicule from their peers, these patients are often introverted with low self-esteem and tend to avoid appearing in public venues or engaging in sports in which they may have to remove their shirts. Some degree of kyphosis is present in most patients
Physical examination Anterior displacement of the sternum, adjacent cartilage, and anterior rib cage due to abnormal pulling by respiratory muscles on soft bone, enlargement of costochondral junctions and flattening of thorax, a finding typical of advanced rickets, deep depression of the costal cartilage on each side of the sternum; it is most apparent below the nipple, involving the 4th to 7-8th costal cartilages

pectus carinatum

 Pigeon-breast, see there.

pec·tus ca·ri·na·tum

(pek'tŭs kar'i-nā'tŭm)
Flattening of the thorax (chest) on either side with forward projection of the sternum resembling the keel of a boat.
Synonym(s): chicken breast.

pectus

(pek'tus) plural.pectora [L.]
The chest.

pectus carinatum

Pigeon chest.
Enlarge picture
PECTUS EXCAVATUM

pectus excavatum

A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration

pectus recurvatum

Pectus excavatum.

Pectus carinatum

An abnormality of the chest in which the sternum (breastbone) is pushed outward. It is sometimes called "pigeon breast."
Mentioned in: Marfan Syndrome

pectus

[L.] breast, chest, thorax.

pectus carinatum
a congential deformity in which the sternum is angled caudoventrally and protrudes; less common than pectus excavatum (below). Called also pigeon breast.
pectus excavatum
a congenital deformity in which the sternum and caudal ribs are concave, reducing the thoracic cavity space. Seen in puppies and kittens.

Patient discussion about pectus carinatum

Q. i ate a piece of chicken breast and bone is stuck in my throat what to do

A. You should seek medical treatment - if it's stuck high enough the may be to remove it with simple maneuver. Otherwise, the may use endocscopy (a pipe-like device with a camera that helps to get the bone out). It may cause problems such as tearing and causing a hole in your throat or your digestive tract, so it should be removed.

More discussions about pectus carinatum
References in periodicals archive ?
Chest wall deformities such as pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum, and cleft sternum can also be isolated malformations or dysmorphic features of genetic associations, monogenic disorders, and various numeric and structural chromosomal aberrations.
Examination and testing may reveal short stature (flat vertebrae cause a short trunk), short neck, kyphosis or scoliosis with pectus carinatum (pigeon chest) and, at the cervical spine, odontoid hypoplasia; atlantoaxial instability may be associated with myelopathy with gradual loss of walking ability.
For many years, the medical community treated pectus carinatum as a merely cosmetic issue.
Coelho e Guimaraes (2007b) indicam uma opcao de uma intervencao em individuos com alteracoes da parede anterior do torax do tipo pectus carinatum, incluindo as diversas formas de tratamento e nas 3 faixas etarias (crianca, adolescente e adultos), conforme esquema abaixo:
These patients can suffer complications like scoliosis, pectus excavatum, and pectus carinatum, also known as a "pigeon chest.
Pectus carinatum or sternal protrusion, also known as "pigeon chest," can be repaired surgically for cosmetic reasons.
The girl's medical history was significant for reactive airway disease and restrictive lung disease secondary to pectus carinatum with severe kyphoscoliosis.
The skeletal changes include progressive spinal deformity, short neck, pectus carinatum, and marked growth failure.
Patent ductus arteriosus - closure; Patent foramen ovale - closure ; Pectus excavatum and Pectus carinatum - Surgical Correction; Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for primary and secondary lung cancers; Photophoresis, extracorporeal - Therapy for Heart Transplant Rejection; Post-thoracotomy Pain - Intraoperative, Intercostal Nerves, Cryoanalgesia; Pulmonary vein isolation for a trial fibrillation; Pulmonary valve repair and/or replacement;
Layla Grace Milsom was diagnosed with pectus carinatum, known as pigeon chest, in 2016.
3,4) the children had short stature, myotonia with paucity of facial expression, blepharophimosis, pectus carinatum, and contractures.