pectus


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Related to pectus: pectus carinatum

pectus

 [pek´tus]
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.

chest

(chest),
1. The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen, enclosed by the ribs and the sternum.
See also: thorax.
2. Colloquially, the anterior wall of the thorax. Synonym(s): pectus
[A.S. cest, a box]

pectus

/pec·tus/ (pek´tus) pl. pec´tora   [L.] thorax.
pectus carina´tum  pigeon breast or chest; a condition of the chest in which the sternum is prominent, due to obstruction of infantile respiration or to rickets.
pectus excava´tum  funnel breast or chest; a congenital deformity in which the sternum is depressed.

chest

(chest)
The anterior wall of the thorax.
See also: thorax
Synonym(s): pectus [TA] .
[A.S. cest, a box]

pectus

(pek'tus) plural.pectora [L.]
The chest.

pectus carinatum

Pigeon chest.
Enlarge picture
PECTUS EXCAVATUM

pectus excavatum

A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration

pectus recurvatum

Pectus excavatum.

pectus

[L.] breast, chest, thorax.

pectus carinatum
a congential deformity in which the sternum is angled caudoventrally and protrudes; less common than pectus excavatum (below). Called also pigeon breast.
pectus excavatum
a congenital deformity in which the sternum and caudal ribs are concave, reducing the thoracic cavity space. Seen in puppies and kittens.
References in periodicals archive ?
LoSasso is currently accepting pectus excavatum and carinatum patients in the New Jersey office.
The cardiopulmonary functional consequences are insignificant in the protrusional deformities and inconsistent in pectus excavatum and the indications for surgery are mainly cosmetic4.
Another less common complication of upper airway compromise is functional pectus excavatum.
Clinically, most children with metatropic dysplasia are short statured with rhizomelia, prominent stiff joints, pectus carinatum, and severe kyphoscoliosis.
Kyphosis and pectus excavatum are two such acquired or congenital deformities, and what appeared to be widely spaced nipples have been noted in several birth defects, including Turner syndrome, Noonan syndrome and Edward syndrome;[1] however, this finding was not always confirmed when actual measurements were made.
Such yellow flags that are illustrated include: decreased antero-posterior chest dimensions, pectus excavatum and straightening of the thoracic spine.
The NTM patients also more frequently had concave chests, a condition known as pectus excavatum, and scoliosis, or curvature of the spine.
Usualmente la atresia y estenosis congenita del bronquio se presenta como una entidad aislada, pero puede acompanarse con malformaciones congenitas como pectus excavatum, neumotorax espontaneo, secuestro pulmonar, retorno venoso pulmonar anomalo, defectos pericardicos y aplasia pulmonar.
Poenorum qualis in arvis, saucius ille gravi venantum volnere pectus, tum demum movet arma leo, gaudetque comantis excutiens cervice toros fixumque latronis impavidus frangit telum et fremit ore cruento: haud secus accenso gliscit violentia Turno (4-9).
The deformation of the thorax has various forms, the overwhelming majority of them is the pectus excavatum (90%) and keeled chest (8%) deformity (Abdrahmanov, Tazhin, Anashev, 2010; Urmonas and Kondrashin, 1983).
This edition includes new and updated boxes discussing physicians and scientists who contributed to the diagnosis of specific diseases, new information on ultrasounds, new and updated information on HIV prevention and mother-to-infant transmission, new text on renal transplantations, updated BMI data from the 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines, new sections on pectus excavatum and Marfan syndrome, and updated tables and statistics.
Associated congenital anomalies in ELS include diaphragmatic hernia, congenital cystic adenoid malformation, bronchogenic cysts, cardiovascular malformation, and pectus excavatum.