pectus


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Related to pectus: pectus carinatum

pectus

 [pek´tus]
pectus carina´tum a malformation of the chest wall in which the sternum is abnormally prominent. Moderate cases cause no difficulties and require no treatment; in severe cases the deformity may interfere with lung and heart action, causing dyspnea on exercise and increased susceptibility to respiratory infections. Serious malformations can usually be corrected by surgery. Called also pigeon breast or chest and chicken breast.
pectus excava´tum a congenital malformation of the chest wall characterized by a funnel-shaped depression with its apex over the lower end of the sternum; it is caused by shortening of the central portion of the diaphragm, which pulls the sternum backward during inhalation, and by the growth of ribs. Except in mild cases, it decreases the ability of the child to engage in sustained exercise. It also delays recovery from coughs and colds, reduces the ability to eat a full meal (so that most patients are underweight), and often produces a functional heart murmur. Noisy breathing may occur during sleep. A child may develop an emotional problem because of embarrassment over the deformity. It can be satisfactorily corrected by surgery. Called also funnel breast or chest and koilosternia.

chest

(chest),
1. The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen, enclosed by the ribs and the sternum.
See also: thorax.
2. Colloquially, the anterior wall of the thorax. Synonym(s): pectus
[A.S. cest, a box]

chest

(chest)
The anterior wall of the thorax.
See also: thorax
Synonym(s): pectus [TA] .
[A.S. cest, a box]

pectus

(pek'tus) plural.pectora [L.]
The chest.

pectus carinatum

Pigeon chest.
Enlarge picture
PECTUS EXCAVATUM

pectus excavatum

A congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed. Synonym: funnel breast; pectus recurvatum See: illustration

pectus recurvatum

Pectus excavatum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our case of SEDC presented with short stature, spinal deformity and leg pains and was found to have platyspondyly, kyphoscoliosis, pectus carinatum, pes planus and delayed epiphyseal ossification.
Based on material type, the pectus bar system market is segmented into following:
(1) The chest was measured from the right to the left mid-axillary line, and a pectus bar was selected based on this measurement minus 2.5 cm.
"The move will allow me to perform pectus excavatum and carinatum treatment at the outstanding Valley Hospital in Bergen County, a satellite community of New York.
Pectus carinatum effects one in 1,500 children but there is treatment available for those who have the condition.
The patient had severe scoliosis, thorax deformities with pectus carinatus.
Otras alteraciones posibles son: pectus excavatum, escoliosis, hipoplasia maxilar y del arco zigomatico, irregularidades metafisiales, manos con clinodactilia, braquidactilia y/o polidactilia bilateral, en los pies puede haber polidactilia postaxial, duplicacion del hallux, hueso cuneiforme extra y cuboides amplio en el primer metatarsiano.
Known focal osseous complications include long bone dysplasia with pseudarthrosis, sphenoid wing dysplasia, nonossifying fibromas of long bones, chest wall deformities (pectus excavatum), and focal, short-segmented scoliosis.
Many patients with isolated anomalies of lip, palate (like cleft lip/palate), limb deformity (CTEV, syndactyly, polydactyly, etc.), chest deformity (like pectus excavatum), and ear anomalies (microtia, anotia, etc.) were excluded from our study as they did not require immediate surgery and hence were not admitted and managed on OPD basis.
In physical examination at age 32, he presented bilateral positional and intention hand tremors, which were worse on the left side, hypertelorism, broad forehead and high hair implantation (Figure 1(a)), pectus carinatum (Figure 1(b)), scalp changes compatible with cutis verticis gyrata (Figure 2(a)), and a slight imbalance in tandem gait.
Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most frequently observed congenital deformity of the chest which is characterized, in most cases, by a deep depression of the sternum in the anterior thoracic wall.
A 29-year-old woman with a history severe symptomatic pectus excavatum underwent a repair.