However, only three species, button mangrove, peccary
tree, and blackbead supported 75% of all nests found (Fig.
I take the bull - or the peccary
- by the horns and turn slowly to face down whatever wants to eat me for lunch.
Although larger than the other species, the giant peccary
is more slightly built with longer legs and a relatively small head.
Table 4 Energy return rates from foraged and hunted foods by South American hunter-gatherers Food Food type Return rate (kcal/hour) Peccary
Animal 65000 Antelope Animal 16000-32000 Rabbit Animal 13500-15400 Paca Animal 7000 Coati Animal 7000 Squirrel Animal 5400-6300 Roots Plant 1200-6300 Fruits Plant 900-6000 Armadillo Animal 5900 Snakes Animal 5900 Birds Animal 4800 Lizards Animal 4200 Seeds Plant 500-4000 Adapted from Cordain et al.
Although that contact has given them things they didn't have before - such as football - the Matis still live in the traditional way, hunting wild pigs called peccary
and stalking monkeys for food with huge blowpipes.
For local inhabitants, the collared peccary
(Tayassu tajacu) represents a major source of meat and income and is one of the most hunted species.
The pygmy peccary
indigenous to the area has a long neck like an east African Thompson's gazelle and a small cylindrical body tapering to legs as slender as rosemary fronds.
The javelina, or collared peccary
, is a distant relative of the pig and is found in the Southwestern region of the US and parts of Latin America.
Lots of peccary
, coatimundi and deer are here," declared Rosas, who studied the signs in a flower-filled meadow.
The jatata groves provide rich habitat for wildlife, such as the jaguar, white-lipped peccary
, giant anteater, and the giant otter.
The mud also shows imprints of cloven hooves, possibly from a peccary
When he walked into the maloca with a dead peccary
(wild pig) slung over his shoulders, still singing loudly, the members of the maloca cheered happily.