peanut


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Related to peanut: Peanut allergy

peanut

A species of legume, Arachis hypogaea, which is high in protein, energy and nutritional value, and rich in niacin, antioxidants, resveratrol and coenzyme Q10.
 
Emergency
Peanuts are a very common cause of foreign-body aspirates, and represent about 10% of all symptomatic foreign material retrieved by endoscopy of children.
  
Immunology
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of death from food allergy; 150/year die in the US from food allergies.

Metabolism
Peanuts contain oxalates that can crystallise in the form of kidney and gallstones, and should be avoided by those with kidney or gallbladder disease.
 
Toxicology
Peanuts are susceptible to mould and the frequently occurring presence of aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus.

peanut

(pē′nŭt″)
An oily herb of the legume family, Arachis hypogaea, whose seeds are consumed for their nutritional value and whose oil, derived from the seeds, is used in cooking.

peanut

seed kernels of the plant Arachis hypogaea cultivated as a commercial crop. Made into peanut meal after the oil is extracted. The kernels and meal are subject to fungal growth and may cause aflatoxicosis. Called also groundnut.

peanut hulls
a source of supplementary fiber in manufactured pet foods; it is high in lignin.
peanut meal
residue after the extraction of peanut oil; a high protein (40 to 50%) feed supplement; low in methionine, lysine and tryptophan. May be mixed with hulls when it becomes of less value because of the high (30%) of fiber.
peanut oil
a refined fixed oil extracted from peanuts; used as a solvent for drugs.

Patient discussion about peanut

Q. does being allergic to peanuts mean you can’t eat peanuts as a whole nut? Or should you avoid spreads, cookies, cornflakes etc. as well.

A. people allergic to peanuts are, most of the times, a very severely allergic people. it has an astounding reaction that can lead to death because of specks of peanuts in a cookie.

More discussions about peanut
References in periodicals archive ?
Peanut allergy affects more than 2% of American children and is about twice as prevalent in Western countries as it was a decade ago.
What to do: Until the Academy issues new guidelines, check with your doctor about when to feed peanut butter.
In 2000, the American Academy of Pediatrics released guidelines calling on parents to avoid giving peanut butter to babies who show any risk of allergy.
But of children younger than 5 months of age, none of them were peanut allergic, so that would suggest that timing here is key: There is a narrow window of opportunity to intervene if you want to be effective.
The study also excluded infants showing early strong signs of having already developed peanut allergy.
4 PEANUTS have more protein, niacin, folate and phytosterols than any other nut.
But while Creamy & Crunchy is well written and at times very witty, it ultimately lacks the narrative drive to appeal to the casual reader, the scholarly heft to tempt the academic, and the shamelessness to attract those who are looking for scandalous gossip about George Washington Carver, the scientist-educator who has often been (wrongly) credited with the invention of peanut butter.
Will Lowery, a Clinton native and long-time candy maker, insists the key to light and fluffy peanut brittle is to use freshly shelled peanuts in the brittle, not pre-shelled.
Planters peanut butter is being targeted to adults.
Having freshly dug, moist, "green" peanuts on hand is a treat, but note that these are only available immediately after the fall peanut harvest season.
In the early 1900s, the peanut harvest began with a moldboard plow.
The textural properties of peanut butter have been widely investigated by many scientists.