olusumundan sorumlu olan kuf mantari esas olarak elma patojeni olarak en cok bilinen Penicillium expansum'dur (8).
Production and biological activity of patulin
and citrinin from Penicillium expansum.
1997, Mycotoxins of Aspergillus clavatus: toxicity of cytochalasin E, patulin
, and extracts of contaminated barley malt, J.
Chen et al (2004) stated that among microbes Aspergillus and Penicillum were the most dangerous species of fungi, producing toxin namely aflatoxin and patulin
Determination of patulin
in apple juice produced in Isparta, Turkey by HPLC with diode array detection.
The main natural mycotoxins produced in rotten apples were patulin
and aflatoxins (Hasan, 2000).
For the two word squares shown above, all words were found in the OSPD3, except OLEANOL, PATULIN
, ANILIDE, and ILIACUM.
The chemical occurs naturally in apples but scientists fear it could harm foetuses after animals exposed to patulin
showed signs of DNA damage.
And consumers were told not to drink James White bramley apple juice with a best before date of September 2003 as it has high levels of patulin
that can harm unborn babies.
Claims that apple juice on sale in Britain contained levels of a toxic chemical, patulin
, said to cause cancer and birth defects, led to an inquiry being launched by the Government.
In February 1993, high levels of patulin
, a naturally occurring toxin, were found in apple juice.
Two leading brands apparently failed patulin