pathological myopia

pathological myopia

a type of severe, progressive nearsightedness characterized by changes in the fundus of the eye, posterior staphyloma, and deficient corrected acuity. Refractive error is greater than -8.00 diopters, and axial length is greater than 32.5 mm. Pathological myopia increases the risk of retinal detachment by affecting the curvature of the crystalline lens.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, this is clinically important because small children who develop myopia early are most likely to progress to high myopia, which increases the risk of pathological myopia.
Five of the most common causes are exudative macular degeneration, high/ pathological myopia, choroidal rupture, angioid streaks, and punctate inner choroidopathy.
5mm, or pathological myopia classified as [greater than or equal to] -8.
As with pathological myopia, CNVM associated with angioid streaks usually occurs in younger, working-age patients compared with AMD.
There will be an epidemic of pathological myopia and associated blindness in the next few decades in Asia," says Seang-Mei Saw, a physician and epidemiologist at the National University of Singapore.
Lucentis also demonstrated benefits in visual acuity outcomes in patients with visual impairment due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to pathological myopia (PM).
Zoomy's pathological myopia gives him a unique perspective on the world and, combined with his odd compulsive behavior, lands him in the "special" class.
Further progress in our understanding of the natural history of pathological myopia is thus essential, and while there have been some promising developments in treatment, more effective treatments are still required," they added.
In addition, over 60 countries have approved Visudyne to treat other macular neovascular conditions such as minimally classic and occult with no classic AMD lesions, pathological myopia and presumed ocular histoplasmosis.
Patients with extreme degrees of pathological myopia and astigmatism may not qualify.

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