pathological fracture


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Related to pathological fracture: stress fracture

pathologic fracture

A fracture that would not otherwise occur were it not for pathological weakening of the bone due to osteoporosis, metastasis, infection, metabolic disorders or other systemic or local disease.

pathological fracture

A fracture of a diseased or weakened bone caused by a force that would not have fractured a healthy bone. The underlying disease may be a metastasized cancer, primary cancer of the bone, or osteoporosis.

Patient care

The limbs and joints of at-risk patients are gently and carefully supported when repositioning, exercising, or mobilizing. If such patients fall or are injured, and report limb, pelvic, or back pain or inability to bear weight, the patient and the affected limb should be stabilized and - diagnostic imaging obtained.

See also: fracture
References in periodicals archive ?
The surgical treatment and outcome of pathological fractures in localised osteosarcoma.
None of the patients had pathological fractures after the operation.
Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO), also known as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), is an autoinflammatory bone disease of unknown cause that can result in persistent bone pain, bone destruction, functional disability, and pathological fractures. The diagnosis of CNO is based on a history of bone pain, findings of bony tenderness with or without swelling, imaging confirmation of a lytic and/or sclerotic bone lesion, and/or bone edema with negative findings for malignancy and infection of the affected area [1-5].
* Radiographic intervention is the diagnostic tool of choice to confirm a pathological fracture
Pathological fractures caused by metastatic malignant disease have generated increasing interest in recent years.
Pathological fracture complicating long bone osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cells disease.
On the basis of aforesaid clinical finding we may conclude that pathological fracture is one of the sequels of generalized osteopenia and rickets; the later can be treated effectively by administration of Vitamin [D.sub.3] and calcium.
Mirels (1989) suggested a scoring system (Table 3) to evaluate the risk of a pathological fracture, and this is widely used in the USA.
Comparative analysis of risk factors for pathological fracture with femoral metastases.
In lesions of the long bones, pathological fracture is the most common presentation.
Common causes of low back pain * Disc degeneration ** Acute ** Chronic * Pathological fracture (metastases, osteoporosis) * Facet pain * Spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis * Infection * Stress fracture * Sacro-iliac pain Table II.

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