The report stated: "Myopia macular degeneration (MMD) is the most common cause of visual impairment in patients with myopia, as 10% of people with pathologic myopia
develop MMD, which is bilateral in 30% of cases."
The posterior staphyloma of pathologic myopia
. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 1977; 75:67-86.
Cheung, "Updates of pathologic myopia
," Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, vol.
The quality of life in patients with pathologic myopia
. Jpn J Ophthalmol.
The differential diagnosis of this condition included central areolar choroidal dystrophy, geographic atrophy, and pathologic myopia
. We excluded pathologic myopia
because the patient had refractive error less than -6.0 D.
With the increasing dependence on smartphones, computers, and other electronic products, myopia has become the most common vision problem.[sup] Recent epidemiological studies indicate an increase of myopia prevalence, especially in Asian countries.[sup] It is well known that with the elongation of eyeball, highly myopic eyes show various structural changes, such as thinning of the choroid and retina, decreasing retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and enlarging area of peripapillary atrophy.[sup] High myopia increases the risk of developing pathologic myopia
which is one of the major causes of visual impairment and blindness.[sup] However, the progression into various clinical manifestations and stages of pathologic myopia
is still not fully understood.
Shimada et al., "Long-term changes in axial length in adult eyes with pathologic myopia
," American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol 150, no.
Specifically designed for the eye and proven to save sight, ranibizumab is indicated for the treatment of neovascular wet age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD), visual impairment due to DME and due to macular edema secondary to both branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO); and visual impairment due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to pathologic myopia
Although uncommon in pre-senile group this disorder can also occur unrelated to age such as pathologic myopia
in which Fuch's spots can classically be seen.
and the associated myopic CNV is the second most common cause of blindness, in Japan.
(8.) Tanaka A, Ohno-Matsui K, Shimada N, Hayashi K, Shibata Y, Yoshida T, Yamashita M, Tokoro T, Mochizuki M: Prevalence of strabismus in patients with pathologic myopia
. J Med Dent Sci 2010; 57:75-82.