paternity test

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paternity test

n.
An analysis, usually of the DNA or blood type of a mother, child, and putative father, to estimate the probability that the man is the biological father of the child.

paternity testing n.

paternity test

(pă-tĕr-nĭ-tē)
A test to determine the father of a child. Because paternity is a clinical estimate, there is the need to have tests to determine whether it would be possible for an individual to have fathered a specific child. At one time, the tests used to prove or exclude the possibility of paternity used blood type data from the child and the suspected father. Tests involving the technique of molecular genetic fingerprinting and of determining genetic markers are available and have the ability to exclude almost all except the father. Use of these techniques makes it possible to distinguish differences between the genotype of all individuals except identical twins.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the AABB, (formerly known as the American Association of Blood Banks), the organization that accredits laboratories to perform paternity testing, more than 500,000 paternity tests are performed each year in the U.S.
"We regard Asia as a significant market for paternity testing services.
Since 2003 media coverage of DNA paternity testing has escalated dramatically.
There is no doubt that the increased availability and accuracy of paternity testing, as well as its declining price has impacted family law.
The turnaround time for legal DNA paternity testing is 3 to 5 working days.
Ms Allcroft said the business was currently preparing itself for its busiest time of year in the paternity testing field.
In 1991--at the dawn of the commercial paternity testing industry--Macintyre and Sooman observed in The Lancet that 'reliable estimates of the incidence of non-paternity are few and far between, although various rates are quoted in an authoritative manner by several sources'.
Paternity testing may solve the genetic question but it will not provide the answer to a happy family.
Guerard says the paleo-DNA laboratory plans to further offer other consultation services such as paternity testing to enable the facility to be a self-sustaining entity, with any revenues funnelled back into the university to fund new research and experimental programs.
The Sunderland company is investing in new technology to roll out its services which include paternity testing and research into forensic testing at crime scenes.