This means boys with poor paternal
care are more likely to be depressed.
Just as in females, males must inhibit their infanticidal behavior and become paternal
before the birth of the pups to avoid hurting their own offspring (Hrdy 1979; Vom Saal & Howard, 1982; Hausfater & Hrdy, 1984; Parmigiani & Vom Saal, 1994).
The aim of the research was to determine paternal
ancestry among the Greek Cypriot community in the context of the central and eastern Mediterranean and the near East, and to identify genetic similarities and differences between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.
Separately, they investigated whether the effects of paternal
age on development were more likely attributable to genetic or environmental factors.
Consanguinity had two attributes; maternal consanguinity and paternal
Other scientists had previously identified a different process, called autophagy, that helps break down paternal
mitochondria after fertilization (SN: 1/1/00,p.
The aim of the researchers was to establish whether or not maternal and paternal
ages independently increase the risk of ASD and, if so, to what extent.
Unlike the maternal contributor who is born with her eggs, the paternal
contributor sperm is created at the point of use.
age effect is more prominent with point mutation than with deletions as point mutations are almost entirely from sperm, whereas the deletions are derived from both parents.
to more convincingly argue that paternal
incarceration has a causal
By this is meant that 'the father', because of his traditional historical role, has been used as an easily understood place-holder for something more abstract, namely the paternal
Noting that paternal
post natal depression, which many new fathers struggle with following the birth of their child, is often overlooked, Spenser discusses how the condition can lead to emotional withdrawal, substance abuse, abandonment, extra-marital affairs, and even violence.