pasture

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pasture

fields or paddocks carrying a permanent or semipermanent growth of grasses and clovers or other legumes and usually some volunteer herbaceous plants. It is used as a complete or partial diet for herbivores and in some economies for omnivores. It may be permanent or temporary, even annual, irrigated or dry, native or improved.

pasture bloat
primary ruminal tympany characterized by frothing of the ruminal contents; occurs in cattle on legume-rich pastures.
pasture breeding
the males are turned into the pasture with a group of females. Called also paddock mating.
clean pasture
refers to the status of the pasture as a source of infective helminth larvae and implies relative freedom. The degree of freedom from parasite larvae is important as a factor in prevention of parasitoses.
pasture diarrhea
see copper nutritional deficiency.
pasture ley
see ley.
pasture meter
device for measuring the amount of feed remaining; based on a design in which a flat metal plate traverses up a central spindle when the spindle is inserted through the plants so that it reaches the ground, the plate floating on top of the plants; measures in cow days.
native pasture
consists of the plants normally found growing wild in the area. Agriculturally speaking, this usually refers to areas with an annual rainfall of less than 20 in (500 mm). Areas with larger rainfalls usually carry improved pastures.
pasture plants
plants which occur naturally or are cultivated especially for growing in pasture to provide feed for grazing animals, with excess growth made into hay or ensilage.
pasture rotation
see rotational grazing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Overgrazing caused by high reindeer densities and inadequate or lacking pasture rotation systems has also greatly contributed to the trend (Forbes et al.
In many Finnish herding cooperatives, for example, the calving percentage has risen since the 1980s because of supplementary feeding, antiparasite medication, decreased reindeer density, and increased pasture rotation (see, for example, Oksanen et al.
Alternative parasite control methods that are being studied include tannin-containing plants, such as oak leaves or sericea lespedeza; copper-oxide wire particles; biological controls such as earthworms, dung beetles and fungi; and pasture rotation, which was mentioned earlier.
In addition, the whole pasture rotation system should be developed to protect lichen ranges more effectively from reindeer grazing and trampling from early spring to late fall.
Both paddocks were cleared for agriculture in 1978 and were under a crop/annual pasture rotation (1:1) until 1987.
We start the two-year annual pasture rotation by plowing and harrowing sudan stubble in a single till-age pass, and then drilling oats at four bushels per acre in spring.
Catabolic evenness was generally lower in continuous wheat, crop rotation, and perennial pasture and highest in crop pasture rotation and annual pasture (Table 7).
Our worming program consists of pasture rotation and herbal wormer.
an unimproved, native pasture followed by ~10 years of crop pasture rotation with full cultivation.
This provided coverage of all stages of the crop and pasture rotation on each farm.
The use of average fertiliser data should be interpreted cautiously since N application to crops grown in pasture rotations is presumably less than to continuous crops.
Crop and pasture rotations are well developed within these zones and farmers have traditionally relied on legume-based pastures to maintain SOC and improve nitrogen availability.