In conclusion, electrical stimulation in addition to passive stretch had statistically significantly greater effects on spasticity and passive range of motion
than passive stretching alone.
Therapy began with early progressive passive range of motion
and Codman exercises and progressed to active movements under supervision as tolerated.
Individual data were collected for anthropometry, vertical jump, leg dexterity, and leg active and passive range of motion
The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the correlation between MER and the kinematic variables at stride foot contact (SFC) during the early cocking phase, the passive range of motion
(ROM), and the shoulder strength.
If the child cannot stand flat and the passive range of motion
is limited, toe walking is not normal and cannot be expected to resolve naturally.
Physical examination of the knee revealed passive range of motion
from 20 degrees of flexion to 110 degrees of flexion.
The goals of treatment always include restoration of full passive range of motion
, maintenance of a concentric, stable glenohumeral articulation, and muscle rebalancing in order to facilitate glenoid remodeling.
Ten of the 17 dancers used less turnout while standing on the white board than the physical therapist had measured as the dancer's passive range of motion
. While the differences observed are suggestive, the results of the statistical analysis indicate that they may represent nothing more than random variation.
The passive range of motion
of the right hip was limited, especially in adduction and internal rotation (right/left; flexion 90[degrees]/120[degrees], extension 10[degrees]/10[degrees], abduction 45[degrees]/45[degrees], adduction 0[degrees]/30[degrees], external rotation 60[degrees]/45[degrees], and internal rotation 10[degrees]/30[degrees]).
Range of Motion A standard goniometer was used for 22 measurements of passive range of motion
of the lower extremity: hip external rotation and internal rotation (prone), hip flexion (supine) and extension (prone), hip abduction (supine), knee flexion and extension, ankle dorsiflexion with knee in flexion (plie) and extension, ankle plantar flexion with knee in flexion and extension.
At that time, he was started on gentle passive range of motion
of the left knee and quadriceps sets, and was allowed to partially bear weight as tolerated on his left leg using his brace in full extension.
Passive range of motion
was complete, but the patient was unable to actively extend her knee.