passive movement


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Related to passive movement: active movement

movement

 [mo̳v´ment]
1. an act of moving; called also motion.
2. an act of defecation.
active movement movement produced by the person's own muscles.
ameboid movement movement like that of an ameba, accomplished by protrusion of cytoplasm of the cell.
associated movement movement of parts that act together, as the eyes.
brownian movement the peculiar, rapid, oscillatory movement of fine particles suspended in a fluid medium; called also molecular movement.
circus movement the propagation of an impulse again and again through tissue already previously activated by it; the term is usually reserved for the reentry involving an accessory pathway.
molecular movement brownian movement.
passive movement a movement of the body or of the extremities of a patient performed by another person without voluntary motion on the part of the patient.
vermicular m's the wormlike movements of the intestines in peristalsis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

pas·sive move·ment

1. movement imparted to an organism or any of its parts by external agency.
2. physical therapy a movement that is effected entirely by the therapist without the assistance of the patient's muscles.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pas·sive move·ment

(pas'iv mūv'mĕnt)
In physical therapy, movement imparted to an organism or any of its parts by external agency; movement of any joint effected by the hand of another person, or by mechanical means, without participation of the subject.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This systematic review included 21 studies investigating inter-rater reliability of measurements of passive movements of upper extremity joints, of which 11 demonstrated acceptable reliability (ICC > 0.75).
Marker locations included (1) three markers on the passive movement device along the line of force application, (2) a single marker superficial to the first lumbar vertebra, and (3) a three-marker triad superficial to the second sacral spinous process.
In the acute, the acute and early recovery periods, generally dominated by passive movements which stimulate the appearance of active movements, prevent the development of contractures, improve circulation of blood and lymph circulation and optimizes muscle tone.
Since the derived ditransitive construction--either DOC or to/for-dative--has the syntactic status of a passive-like structure, this section will deal with passive movement, in general, and with the passive-like mechanism that is attributed to the derived ditransitive structure, in particular.
Bimanual Passive Movement. At [T.sub.0], bilateral alpha ERD was found in 5 patients (numbers 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6), more localized over C4 in 1 patient (number 1).
It also can realize 2-DOF passive movements which are flexion and stretch of the shoulder and rotation of the forearm.
A further consideration pertains to angiogenesis induced by passive movement. Previous studies using the "passive movement model" have clearly demonstrated that passive motion, although less potent than muscle contraction, may induce an increase in blood flow and muscle stretch which, in turn, elicit mechanical signals that initiate angiogenesis in skeletal muscles [33-36].
A recent study underlines how effective both exercise and manual therapy (the passive movement of a joint by a physical therapist) can be for OA.
If the passive movement is added to the hidden movement and the human responses without movement, they come to a total of 74% (Table 3).
Exercise therapy consisted of strengthening, range-of-motion, neuromuscular coordination, and aerobics activities; manual therapy consisted of skilled passive movement to joints applied by external force.

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