While going, Aruna gave India the landmark passive euthanasia
A mercy killing petition was brought to court by her friend and journalist Pinki Virani after which the Supreme Court ruled passive euthanasia
legal in March 2011.
According to McQuoid-Mason's definition of passive euthanasia
, it is the underlying illness that is responsible for death.
While hastening death through active euthanasia or suicide is unacceptable, however, passive euthanasia
is highly regarded because the expectation is that individuals will not artificially extend their own lives just as they would not shorten them (Richards & Bergin, 2000).
They argue further that since society has acknowledged a patient's right to passive euthanasia
(for example, by legally recognizing refusal of life-sustaining treatment), active euthanasia should be given similar recognition.
In contrast, passive euthanasia
is "the practice of doing nothing to prevent death from occurring" (May, 1994) wherein the person who is perhaps demented or mentally retarded is incompetent or too inactive to decide between life and death such that euthanasia is administered without his/her explicit permission.
Once a decision to do so is made, as it is on a regular basis even by those who claim to be opposed to euthanasia, then active euthanasia is often more humane than passive euthanasia
If the case is accepted, the Schindlers will introduce a March 2004 papal statement that withholding hydration or nutrition constitutes passive euthanasia
He said the European Court had ruled that the right to life enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights did not require a State to prohibit suicide nor passive euthanasia
5) Passive euthanasia
is defined as the shortening of human life by the non-commencement or withdrawal of treatment or life support.
Often confused with passive euthanasia
, brain death occurs when the entire brain has irreversibly ceased to function.
He applies this method to his interest in genetic screening, the human genome project, the determination of death, organ transplantation, suicide and PAS, passive euthanasia
, and health-care reform.