In the control area the participation restriction
reduced but not significantly (P-value 0.
A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study of adults ages 18 years and older reported that having multiple chronic conditions was associated with poorer outcomes for important life domains (social participation restriction
, serious psychological distress, and work disability).
Having one or more chronic conditions was associated with significant and progressively higher prevalences of social participation restriction
, serious psychological distress, and work limitations.
Risk factors for participation restriction
in leprosy and development of a screening tool to identify individuals at risk.
experience a participation restriction
in the context of the federal transportation network.
impairment, activity limitation [formerly referred to as disability (WHO, 1980)], or participation restriction
[formerly referred to as handicap (WHO, 1980)]).
The study revealed that there was no significant relationship between participation restriction
and self-stigma, disability scores and self-stigma, participation restriction
and perceived stigma, negative attitudes from community members and perceived stigma in affected people.
Thus he or she may experience participation restriction
The 10 FRI items fall within four constructs--pain, sleep, work, and daily activity--that fit within the three domains of WHO-ICF: 1) Activity limitations daily activity with six items--personal care, travel, recreation, lifting, walking and standing; 2) Impairment with three items and two constructs of pain and sleep--pain frequency, pain intensity and sleep; and 3) Participation restriction
with one construct and item--work.
Thus a higher degree of nerve impairment, disability, activity limitation and participation restriction
may be expected as compared with studies of unselected leprosy patients.
8) Other causes of participation restriction
include the absence of (assistive) equipment, policies or disease-related financial problems.
Studies have demonstrated the correlation between participation restriction
and stigma in patients with leprosy.