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Related to paronychia: herpetic whitlow


1. a rod of metal, bone, or other material used for fixation of the ends of fractured bones.
2. a hardened or horny cutaneous plate overlying the dorsal surface of the distal end of a finger or toe. The nails are part of the outer layer of the skin and are composed of hard tissue formed of keratin. Called also unguis.
Parts of the nail. From Dorland's, 2000.
Nail abnormalities. From Lammon et al., 1996.
ingrown nail see ingrown nail.
spoon nail a nail with a concave surface.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(par'ō-nik'ē-ă), Do not confuse this word with perionychia.
Suppurative inflammation of the nail fold surrounding the nail plate; may be due to bacteria or fungi, most commonly staphylococci and streptococci.
[para- + G. onyx, nail]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Inflammation of the tissue surrounding a fingernail or toenail.

par′o·nych′i·al adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Nail infection Dermatology A superficial infection of the skin around nails, most commonly caused by staphylococci or fungi, often due to local injury–eg, biting off or picking a hangnail, or manipulating, trimming, or pushing back the cuticle; fungal paronychia is often associated with DM. See Onychomycosis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Suppurative inflammation of the nail fold surrounding the nail plate; may be due to bacteria or fungi, most commonly staphylococci and streptococci.
[para- + G. onyx, nail]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(par-o-nik'e-a) [? + onyx, nail]
Enlarge picture
An acute or chronic infection of the marginal structures about the nail. Synonym: felon; runaround; whitlow See: illustration


The nail edge shows redness, swelling, and suppuration.


Therapy may involve moist heat application, oral antibiotics, or surgical drainage.

paronychia tendinosa

Inflammation of the sheath of a digital tendon owing to sepsis.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Infection of the skin fold at the base or side of the nail. Acute paronychia is usually caused by common bacteria such as Staphylococci and often progresses to abscess formation. Persistent (chronic) paronychia is usually caused by the thrush yeast fungus Candida albicans .
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


Inflammation of the folds of skin that surround a nail.
Mentioned in: Nail Removal
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this small but well-designed study, topical steroids were more effective than systemic anti-fungal agents in the treatment of chronic paronychia. Given their lower risks and costs compared with systemic antifungals, topical steroids should be the first treatment offered to patients with chronic paronychia.
In the general population, acute and chronic paronychia entail infection with S aureus and Candida spp, respectively.
Paronychia in dogs is most commonly caused by hypersensitivity reactions, more commonly known as allergies.
In chronic paronychia, often seen in women who are cooks, nurses or florists who have hands often immersed in water, the matrix of the nail can be involved causing characteristic transverse ridging of the nail plate.
Du cote positif de cette axe, nous avons les especes vivaces (Lygeum spartum 1.25, Paronychia argentea 1.48) et les especes annuelles (Bromus rubens 2.10, Bellis annua 1.48).
Conventional chemotherapy and targeted or immunotherapy that are thought to be well tolerated and may cause various cutaneous adverse reactions ranging from nonlife-threatening skin toxicities such as paronychia, acneiform eruption, and alopecia to life-threatening severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN).
Onychophagia can cause numerous nail changes, including chronic paronychia, longitudinal melanonychia, splinter hemorrhages, nail dystrophy, and partial or total loss of nails [2, 3].
We hereby presented a case of Pveg with atypical presentation of chronic paronychia and onychomadesis.
According to ( Mercola, some of the harmful effects of nail-biting can be disease-causing bacteria and an array of germs being transferred into one's body, paronychia (a skin infection caused by bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms entering the damaged cuticles surrounding the nails), warts on one's fingers caused by human papillomavirus, dental problems and impaired quality of life.
Of the 231 patients with positive blood cultures, 50 had pneumonia; 34 had oral ulcers and mucositis; 24 had a digestive tract infection; 11 had a perianal infection; five had skin ulceration and local cellulitis; three had a urinary tract infection; two had a central nervous system infection; two had paronychia; two had a liver abscess; and one had a splenic abscess.