To constrain potential confounds introduced by variation in family structure, participants were limited to youth from two-parent, intact families rather than different parent figures
The index of parental monitoring was based on an adolescent's perception of parent or parent figure
knowledge on three different questions: where the adolescent goes at night, what the adolescent does with his or her free time, and who the adolescent's friends are.
One noteworthy change: youths living with no parent figure
are now undistinguishable from the reference case of children who live with a single parent.
The issue is made more complex when different parent figures
displayed different traits, or if a primary figure exhibited multiple traits.
Many bar owners say they feel like something of a parent figure
to some of their employees and even some customers.
A homesick camper may sometimes need an enthusiastic, goofy counselor to cheer her up, but at other times that same child may need a quiet listener, a sympathizing friend, or a stern parent figure
While we ought to encourage each client to be the best parent he or she can be, Leving and Kenik do a disservice in advising the creation of a courtroom-worthy parent figure
for the purpose of litigation.
When people let go of their limited ideas of God, Johnson says, they can then "begin to realize that they're not being asked to believe in some overcontrolling parent figure
The most primitive way of handling them is to split the parent figure
into separate parts, good and bad--a beloved mommy and a terrifying witch.
Assert your authority as an adult rather than a parent figure
by making house rules.
Finally, in this first round of the NLSY97, BLS also decided to conduct an interview with a parent or parent figure
for each youth respondent.
It's tempting to become the parent figure
- but this is a relationship of equals, regardless of age.