parenchymal cell


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pa·ren·chy·ma

(pă-reng'ki-mă), [TA]
1. The distinguishing or specific cells of a gland or organ, contained in and supported by the connective tissue framework, or stroma.
2. The endoplasm of a protozoan cell.
3. In the lung, consists of the gas-exchanging portion, excluding the radiographically visible blood vessels and bronchi.
[G. anything poured in beside, fr. parencheō, to pour in beside]

parenchymal cell

[pəreng′kiməl]
any cell that is a functional element of an organ, such as a hepatocyte.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha is restricted to hepatic parenchymal cells, not Kupffer cells: implications for the mechanism of action of peroxisome proliferators in hepatocarcinogenesis.
The parenchymal cells of the paraganglia and other elements of the autonomic nervous system arise from neural crest cells.
Genetic abnormalities in patients with MEN syndromes cause parathyroid tissues to develop into tiny rests of parenchymal cells scattered throughout the neck and mediastinum.
Liver parenchymal cells were isolated from the rats according to the two-step collagenase perfusion technique as described (Gebhardt, 1997) and plated at 7 x 106 cells per petri dish (100 x 20 mm), at 1.
5,785,964), genetically modified tissues can be grown on a biocompatible scaffold using genetically engineered stromal cells, genetically engineered parenchymal cells or both.
Light microscopic changes consisted of nuclear displacement from the normal central cytoplasmic location in parenchymal cells, mononuclear cell infiltrations (mainly portally and as lipid granulomas), mild bile duct proliferation accompanied by fibrosis, and fat accumulation in hepatocytes and pluripotent Ito cells.
Copper deposition occurs in hepatic parenchymal cells, the brain, the periphery of the iris, and the kidney.
The amount of stromal fat is remarkably decreased or altogether absent, which results in an increase in the proportion of parenchymal cells to stromal fat cells.
Although AMs play a central role in this regard, lung parenchymal cells are also involved in the production of a number of important cytokines.
The disease is characterized by increased absorption of dietary iron by the gastrointestinal tract and the progressive deposition of iron in the parenchymal cells.
Although the liver consists primarily of hepatic parenchymal cells, several nonparenchymal cells--including stellate cells, pit cells, Kupffer cells, biliary cells, and endothelial cells--also are important for liver function.