parasympatholytic


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parasympatholytic

 [par″ah-sim″pah-tho-lit´ik]
1. producing effects resembling those of interruption of the parasympathetic nerve supply of a part; having a destructive effect on the parasympathetic nerve fibers or blocking the transmission of impulses by them.
2. anticholinergic (def. 2).

par·a·sym·pa·tho·lyt·ic

(par'ă-sim'pă-thō-lit'ik),
Relating to an agent that annuls or antagonizes the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system; for example, atropine.

parasympatholytic

/para·sym·pa·tho·lyt·ic/ (-sim″pah-tho-lit´ik) anticholinergic.

parasympatholytic

anticholinergic

adjective Referring to an agent or effect that suppresses or inhibits acetylcholine activity.
 
noun Any agent that inhibits parasympathetic activity by blocking the neurotransmitter acetylcholine; anticholinergics are used for asthma, COPD, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, Parkinson’s disease and to decrease smooth muscle spasms (e.g., in the urinary bladder); anticholinergics may be antimuscarinic, ganglionic blockers and neuromuscular blockers.

par·a·sym·path·o·lyt·ic

(par'ă-sim'pă-thō-lit'ik)
Relating to an agent that annuls or antagonizes the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system (e.g., atropine).

parasympatholytic 

Pertains to a drug that blocks the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system. Examples: atropine, cyclopentolate. Syn. antimuscarinic, anticholinergic, atropine-like. See acetylcholine; cycloplegia; mydriatic.

par·a·sym·path·o·lyt·ic

(par'ă-sim'pă-thō-lit'ik)
Relating to agent that annuls or antagonizes effects of parasympathetic nervous system; e.g., atropine.

parasympatholytic (per´əsim´pa-thōlit´ik),

parasympatholytic

anticholinergic; producing effects resembling those of interruption of the parasympathetic nerve supply of a part; having a destructive effect on the parasympathetic nerve fibers or blocking the transmission of impulses by them. Also, an agent that produces such effects, e.g. atropine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Atropine is a parasympatholytic alkaloid used as an antidote to Ache inhibitors (5,6); it acts through competitive occupation of nicotinic and muscarinic cholinergic receptors (8).
Therefore, we analyzed whether eserine, parathion, and malathion can induce mammary tumors in rats, whether the alterations induced by these substances alter the cholinergic activation influencing malignant transformation of the mammary gland, and whether such action can be inhibited by a parasympatholytic alkaloid, such as atropine.
The autonomic responses in DBT indicate the parasympatholytic actions in male and female cases which are further supported by the tachycardia in these groups during IHGT.
Abstract: The avian iris is mainly composed of striated muscle fibers, and the topical parasympatholytic drugs used in mammals to induce pupil dilation are ineffective in birds.
Patients with overt albuminuria, congestive cardiac failure, preexisting macrovascular condition, urinary tract infection, any severe illness (such as malignancy, severe infection, respiratory disease, liver disease), impairment of speech, hearing, vision, or cognition, history of neurological disease, using ACE inhibitors and/or drugs known to influence autonomic nerve function (namely antiparkinsonism drugs, phenytoin, or parasympatholytic, parasympathomimetic, and sympathomimetic drugs), pregnant females or who had given birth within the preceding six weeks, inability to stand independently, inability to complete cardiovascular autonomic tests, lack of approval by physician and patients showing disinterest were excluded from the study.