parasellar syndrome

parasellar syndrome

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Neurology A condition characterized by episodic orbital pain, with inflammation of the cavernous sinus Etiology Neoplasia–pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, meningioma, neurofibroma, sarcoma, chondroma, giant cell tumor, myeloma, lymphoma, metastases; inflammation–herpes zoster, arachnoiditis, giant cell arteritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, syphilis, aspergillosis Clinical Diplopia, headaches, orbital pain Management Excise or decompress, chemotherapy, corticosteroids, antibiotics
References in periodicals archive ?
Differential diagnosis of THS includes parasellar syndrome causes (trauma), neoplasms (primary intracranial tumor, local or distant metastases), vascular causes (aneurysm, carotid dissection, carotid cavernous fistula), inflammation (orbital pseudotumor, giant cell arteritis, sarcoidosis), infectious etiology (fungi, mycobacteria, etc.
Thus, while working up a patient of painful ophthalmoplegia, the clinicians should be aware of the causes of parasellar syndrome and other causes of painful ophthalmoplegia.
Bellan Id Cox TA, Gascoyne RD: Parasellar syndrome caused by plasma cell leukemia.