unlike single parapraxis seems to give way to utter incoherence, or perhaps it is just more volubly inventive.
What we have in the above instances from Ensor and Collins is, typically for parapraxes, a compromise formation - between fear of a punitive censor and a desire to vent the truth openly.
Where Atheism is clearly different from Therapy is that it casts the Atheistic therapist in the active role: he consciously uses techniques like negation, displacement, and parapraxes to evade the censor with the aim of subverting the religious illness.
In psychoanalytic terms, I want to suggest that the film's "mistakes" take on the significance of "cinematic parapraxes," bungled actions or unintentional performances which prove--in Freud's formulation--"to have valid motives and to be determined by motives unknown to consciousness" (Freud 1901, 239).
As in the cases of the other two parapraxes, this critique of mimesis essentially works by introducing discontinuities into the putatively closed system of the film as a "self-sufficient" work of art, thereby calling into question the presuppositions lying behind the functioning of the film as an apparently transparent narrative.
See Sigmund Freud, "Parapraxes
," in The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, trans.
She shows well how every page of Joyce's late novel is permeated with word-shapings and deformations, based on multiple principles of punning, languages other than English, and Freudian parapraxes
that reveal unconscious functionings.
If the erasures we have been examining are considered parapraxes
, then we might expect a dream to locate the "missing object," the original body which has been erased.
controls the parapraxes
inherent in living and making decisions in the dark.