paraphyletic


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Related to paraphyletic: monophyletic, Monophyly, Monophyletic group

paraphyletic

(păr′ə-fī-lĕt′ĭk)
adj.
Of or relating to a group of taxa that includes the common ancestor of all the members but not all descendants of that ancestor.

par′a·phy·let′i·cal·ly adv.
par′a·phy′ly (păr′ə-fī′lē, pə-răf′ə-lē) n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

paraphyletic

(evolutionary taxonomy) (of a group) having evolved from a single ancestral form but not including all the descendents.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This is consistent with previous results indicating that Scirpeae is paraphyletic with respect to Cariceae (Leveille-Bourret et al.
In this opsin phylogeny InvC sequences form a monophyletic clade, but it is poorly supported; and in some cases this group is recovered as a number of basally branching paraphyletic clades separated by taxa: panarthropods, echinoderms, and annelids (Bok et al., 2017).
In accordance with this pattern, a paraphyletic Pterobryaceae constituted the sister taxon of Cryphaeaceae (Fig.
Previous studies of Dactylotini including Hesperotettix viridis Thomas, 1872 discovered that this tribe is paraphyletic (Chapco 2006, Chintauan-Marquier et al.
The Prosigmodon species appear as a paraphyletic group with Prosigmodon holocuspis in the base of a Sigmodon clade, and Prosigmodon oroscoi, Prosigmodon ferrusquiai, and Prosigmodon chihuahuensis at the base of all of the cricetids analyzed and close to C.
(2011), using complete sequences of cyt-b, recovered a paraphyletic Corrientes group that included C.
Several genera, including Aleurodicus, were resolved as paraphyletic. Aleurodicus rugioperculatus (RSW) is placed in the tree within the clade containing A.
While morphologically-based trees recognize mantle mites as a distinct monophyletic grouping (Edwards & Vidrine 2006), molecular phylogenies suggest that these mites are part of a paraphyletic grade that includes gill mite taxa (Edwards et al.
In both cases, Archaea appeared as a basal paraphyletic group of the ToLs and the common origin of Bacteria and Eukarya was maintained.
Meier, "The Muscoidea (Diptera: Calyptratae) are paraphyletic: evidence from four mitochondrial and four nuclear genes," Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol.