paraphasia


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Related to paraphasia: echolalia, paraphrasing

paraphasia

 [par″ah-fa´zhah]
partial aphasia in which the patient uses wrong words, or uses words in wrong and senseless combinations. Called also paragrammatism, paraphemia, and paraphrasia.

par·a·pha·si·a

(par'ă-fā'zē-ă),
A form of aphasia in which a person has lost the ability to speak correctly, substituting one word for another and jumbling words and sentences unintelligibly.
See also: jargon.
[para- + G. phasis, speech]

paraphasia

/para·pha·sia/ (-fa´zhah) partial aphasia in which the patient employs wrong words, or uses words in wrong and senseless combinations (choreic p.) .

paraphasia

[-fā′zhə]
Etymology: Gk, para + phrasein, to utter
1 a condition in which a person hears and comprehends words but is unable to speak correctly. Incoherent words are substituted for intended words, thereby creating sentences that are unintelligible.
2 speech that is incoherent, unintelligible, and apparently incomprehensible but may be meaningful when carefully interpreted by a psychotherapist. Also called jargon aphasia, word salad.

paraphasia

The habitual substitution of inappropriate or meaningless words or jargonisms.

Paraphasias
• Literal paraphasia—Substitution of an inappropriate phoneme (syllable). 
• Verbal paraphasia—Substituion of a complete word; fluent paraphasic speech is termed jargon aphasia.
• Delirium (incoherency).

par·a·pha·si·a

(par'ă-fā'zē-ă)
A symptom of aphasia in which speech is fluent but incorrect due to word and sound substitutions.
See also: paragrammatism, receptive aphasia
[para- + G. phasis, speech]

paraphasia

A DYSPHASIA in which speech is fluent but often meaningless or irrelevant and contains incorrectly substituted words. This is a feature of Wernicke's dysphasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
An aphasia syndrome including reduction of speech output, anomia, and paraphasias but without repeating difficulty is attributed to the thalamus.
When repeating numbers, they tend to use verbal paraphasias (substituting a word with a related meaning); when repeating words, they tend to use literal paraphasias (interchanging similar syllables).
In speech production, there were less frequent pauses, verbal, and literal paraphasias (p < .
The diagnosis of PNFA required gradually progressive non-fluent spontaneous speech with at least one of the following symptoms: agrammatism, phonemic paraphasias, or anomia.
Measure Pretreatment Posttreatment Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding (TAAWF) Raw Score 19/107 40/107 Comprehension (%) 75 96 * Object and Action Naming Battery (OANB) Nouns Only (Number Correct) 50/81 64/81 Types of Errors on TAAWF and OANB: Total Errors (%), Excluding No Responses Semantic Paraphasias 57.
The positive practice repertoire may also include gesture and pantomime to reduce use of generic terms and paraphasias.
Some aphasics are liable to produce phonological paraphasias which bear a superficial resemblance to harmony patterns in child language.
Origins of paraphasias in deep dysphasia: Testing the consequences of a decay impairment to an interactive spreading activation model of lexical retrieval.
Experience with the sentence Pas de si ni de mais teaches us that it seems to be an adequate alternative, remaining true to the original concept examined (articulatory agility, comprehension and presence of paraphasias in repetition).
Their production presents phonemic and phonetic paraphasias.
A scrutiny of the history revealed that the main problem was indeed language deficits, such as word-finding difficulties and paraphasias but not memory problems per se.
However, a model in which the only link from the concept representations domain to the articulatory motor domain is a direct link (Figure 4, pathway 1-2) cannot account for observations that normal subjects exhibit phonological slips-of-the-tongue and aphasic subjects produce phonemic paraphasias in naming and spontaneous language, which are quite comparable with those produced during repetition.