Specific surgical sites are also discussed, including approaches to malignancies of the oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx, parapharyngeal
space, thyroid, neck, and skull base.
We report 4 cases of PTC metastasis to unusual sites: (1) the occipital skull and internal jugular vein, (2) the parapharyngeal
space, (3) the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and (4) the right atrium of.
A case of parapharyngeal
soft tissue clear cell sarcoma [in Chinese].
Schwannomas are mostly located at the parapharyngeal
area and originate from vagus nerve.
Inferiorly, it was bulging into the right parapharyngeal
These are related to the thyroid and parathyroid glands; neck metastases; oral/oropharyngeal, laryngeal, nasopharyngeal, salivary gland, skull base, vascular, and parapharyngeal
space tumors; infections; tracheostomy; and reconstruction.
It is rare for meningioma to extend out of central nervous system to present as cervical and parapharyngeal
Complications include toxic shock syndrome, septicaemia, parapharyngeal
abscess, rheumatic fever, quinsy and hepatitis.
Advanced age is a significant risk factor; this is possibly because of a number of age-related changes in the parapharynegeal structures, such as soft palate lengthening and parapharyngeal
fat deposition (Punjabi, 2008).
A computed tomography scan demonstrated a parapharyngeal
haematoma which displaced the posterior pharyngeal wall ventrally.
Spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to radiographically occult lung metastasis from parapharyngeal
synovial sarcoma: report of a case.
Mechanisms proposed for the increased prevalence of sleep apnoea in the elderly include increased deposition of fat in the parapharyngeal
area, lengthening of the soft palate, and changes in body structures surrounding the pharynx (28).