Recently evolved neoendemics can evolve from nearby, non-specialized relatives via rapid and local speciation, including via parapatric
, sympatric, and peripatric modes (Anacker & Strauss, 2014; Ferris et al., 2014; Schneider et al., 2016).
Atria 1998 Chromosomal variation, macroevolution and possible parapatric
speciation in Mepraia spinolai (Porter) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae).
brevirostris (Wiedemann, 1821) is sympatric or parapatric
Molecular identification of birds: performance of distance-based DNA barcoding in three genes to delimit parapatric
digitalis, and the two species, which are difficult to distinguish on the basis of visually observable traits, have parapatric
distributions that overlap in central California (Murphy, 1978; Crummett and Eernisse, 2007).
Distributional patterns of the four species of pocket gophers in southeastern Colorado are variously parapatric
, allopatric, or sympatric.
The number of supralabials in blind snakes is a genetically conservative character, and any 1/2 condition of the supralabials of any individual may represent one of two possibilities: (1) an aberrant condition (seen rarely within the species) or (2) a hybrid between two species with parapatric
These results (i.e., significant levels of shape variation across parapatric
boundaries), coupled with previous results concerning sexual isolation between parapatric
populations in G.
They examined genetic variation in the acoustic signals of three parapatric
grasshopper populations (Chorthippus parallelus).
The second mode involves a change in host plants from ancestral to descendent species after either allopatric, parapatric
, or possibly sympatric speciation.