Barnes, "Diseases of poultry," in Newcastle Disease, Other Avian Paramyxoviruses
, and Pneumovirus Infections, Y.
Similarly, the V protein of paramyxoviruses
interacts with MD5-a and inhibits IFN-[alpha] expression (58).
All critical amino acids involved in the neuraminidase active site of the crystallized proteins of SV5, NDV and HuPIV-3 were found in both MuV variants, demonstrating the importance of this enzymatic activity for paramyxoviruses
Other causes include the newly discovered paramyxoviruses
, including human metapneumovirus.
produce well-known contagions such as measles and mumps.
"In very young children, this can develop into life-threatening respiratory disease including pneumonia." She adds, "Paramyxoviruses
can be very dangerous to people--especially children--with compromised immune function."
Approximately 10 to 15 percent of adult colds are caused by viruses also responsible for other, more severe illnesses: adenoviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, orthomyxoviruses (including influenza A and B viruses), paramyxoviruses
(including several parainfluenza viruses), respiratory syncytial virus and enteroviruses.
Alexander, D.J.: Newcastle disease, other avian paramyxoviruses
and pneumovirus infection.
Diagnostic tests, virus isolation, and serologic assays confirmed the identity of these paramyxoviruses
(online Technical Appendix).
The NDVs, a prototype of Avian Paramyxoviruses
(APMV-1), have been reported previously both in chicken and feral birds (natural reservoirs) in Pakistan; however, their molecular characterization is largely inadequate and requires continuous evaluation.