in Sahiwal and crossbred calves in Punjab.
It is very dif?cult to con?rm disease caused by the immature ?ukes (larval Paramphistomiasis), as there are no conclusive ?ndings in faeces or blood samples.
Therapeutic trials by using Cannabis sativa(Bhang), Centratherum anthelminiticum(Kali Jiri), Nicotiana tabacum(Tobacco) and Oxyclozanide were conducted usingeighty animals in eight controlled experiments to compare the efficacy of above mentioned drugs,against Paramphistomiasis.
of domestic ruminants Adv Parasitol 9: 33-72.
Horak, "Paramphistomiasis of domestic ruminants," Advances in Parasitology, vol.
Bida and T Schillhorn van Veen, "Enteric paramphistomiasis in Yankasa sheep," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.
Haematological and histological alterations of immature Paramphistomiasis
Prida, (1996) Haemotological and Histological alterations of immature paramphistomiasis
Oxyclozanide is a safe and effective flukicide administered to cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats for the treatment and control of fascioliasis and paramphistomiasis
. The acanthocephalan parasite, Pallisentis nagpurensis is mainly an aneorobic parasite, it gains energy through glycolytic pathway and involves in anaerobic generation of ATP.
Studies on the incedence of paramphistomiasis
in cattle (Bos indicus) in west Bengal.