1972) reported a significant decrease of hemoglobin concentration without significant variation in total leucocytic count in a cross bred calf naturally infected with paramphistomes
Amongst those, coccidia, Haemonchus, liver flukes, Paramphistomes
, Trichuris, Taenia , Anaplasma, Babesia, Thelleria and Trypanosoma are of much importance especially in buffalo, cow, goat and sheep.
Preservation and staining method for paramphistomes.
Identification of some paramphistomes infecting sheep in Maiduguri, Nigeria.
Prevalence of paramphistomes in black bengal goats in Mymensingh District.
Control of paramphistomes in cattle using bithionol oxide.
Responses in milk production to the control of gastrointestinal nematode and Paramphistome parasites in dairy cattle.
Prevalence of Paramphistome species in Ruminants in the souththern Marmara region.
From the results it is indicated that at Gujranwala district, rice is grown in abundance, constant water logging helps in breeding and reproduction of snails and also for the cercariae and metacercriae of the paramphistomes.
Rainfall is very important for the completion of life cycle of paramphistome and also it helps in the spread of cercariae from one place to other place.
The life cycle of paramphistome and prevalence of paramphistomosis is dependent on climate.
The peak paramphistome infection was recorded during the month of August in buffaloes and cattle with an infection rate of 52% and 43.