Carigara Bay in Leyte, as well as other areas in the region, have been declared free from the paralytic shellfish toxin
The marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii: paralytic shellfish toxin
concentration, composition, and toxicity to a tintinnid ciliate.
Temperature effects on kinetics of paralytic shellfish toxin
elimination in Atlantic surf clams, Spisula solidissima.
The illnesses described in this report occurred after ingestion of pufferfish but are consistent with the presence of saxitoxin, a paralytic shellfish toxin
usually associated with ingestion of filter-feeding shellfish.
Preparation of mixtures of paralytic shellfish toxin
(PSP) standards from mussel hepatopancreas.
However, the analysis confirmed that the fish contained the paralytic shellfish toxin
, saxitoxin, and two analogs, N-sulfocarbamoylsaxitoxin and decarbamoylsaxitoxin.
Paralytic shellfish toxin
concentrations were subsequently used to calculate estimated sample toxicities in terms of micrograms STX di-HCl equivalents per kilogram.
Anatomical distribution and spatiotemporal variation in paralytic shellfish toxin
composition in two bivalve species from the Gulf of Maine.
Paralytic Shellfish Toxins
have been detected in shellfish along this western coast at levels above the safe limit set by MPI.
Some nassarid species have been reported to contain algal toxins, especially paralytic shellfish toxins
(Li & Chen 1981, Lin et al.
Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB), frequently affects these regions with the presence of microalgae producers of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins
(PST), lipophilic toxins, and Domoic Acid (DA) during the summer period, with the consequent risk to public health, productive activities, and geographic dispersion towards sectors free of these toxic microalgae.
The closure is due to elevated levels of paralytic shellfish toxins
and includes mussels on all beaches, rocks, jetties and bay entrances in that section of the coast.