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Temperature effects on kinetics of paralytic shellfish toxin elimination in Atlantic surf clams, Spisula solidissima.
The marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii: paralytic shellfish toxin concentration, composition, and toxicity to a tintinnid ciliate.
Preparation of mixtures of paralytic shellfish toxin (PSP) standards from mussel hepatopancreas.
The illnesses described in this report occurred after ingestion of pufferfish but are consistent with the presence of saxitoxin, a paralytic shellfish toxin usually associated with ingestion of filter-feeding shellfish.
Paralytic shellfish toxin concentrations were subsequently used to calculate estimated sample toxicities in terms of micrograms STX di-HCl equivalents per kilogram.
However, the analysis confirmed that the fish contained the paralytic shellfish toxin, saxitoxin, and two analogs, N-sulfocarbamoylsaxitoxin and decarbamoylsaxitoxin.
A/D) LC/MS analysis of paralytic shellfish toxin in shellfish harvested from the Ketchikan area in 2011 including butter clam (A), cockle (B), mussel (C), and clam (D).
Paralytic shellfish toxin profile in starins of the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum Graham and the scallop Argopecten ventricosus G.
It should be noted that the levels of paralytic shellfish toxins detected have risen significantly to concerning levels.
The closure is due to elevated levels of paralytic shellfish toxins and includes mussels on all beaches, rocks, jetties and bay entrances in that section of the coast.
However, there are reports [1] indicating that there are other marine dinoflagellates that contribute to the occurrence of paralytic shellfish toxins.