The concept of parallel play
(the term perhaps borrowed from child psychology?
once looking up to see, happy in each other's parallel play
The entry tactics "wait and hover" as well as mimicking (Dodge & Schlundt, 1983), synchronous play (Ramsey & Lasquade, 1996), and parallel play
(Beilinson & Olswang, 2003) have been used to code behaviors in which the child seeking entry stands back and watches or copies the play scenario.
This demonstrates the incredible power of mimicking animal behavior, referred to as parallel play
Elaine Savory traces Brathwaite's reinvention of the short story form through poetry and national language since the 1950s while Shirley Chew illuminates a parallel play
between poetry and prose in the work of Olive Senior.
What can be quite comical are the "parallel conversations" that sometimes accompany parallel play
Often, these disparate systems lose track of the child underneath the diagnosis, and engage in a sort of parallel play
, buffeting the child back and forth like a rubber ball, with little effect on the child's ability to function in the world.
Social play behaviors included Cooperative, Associative, Parallel Aware, and Parallel Play
Behaviors whereas nonsocial play behaviors consisted of Solitary Play, Onlooker, Unoccupied, Transition, Aggression, and Other Nonsocial play behaviors.
His next book of poems, Parallel Play
, will be published in early 2006 by Graywolf.
Weights were assigned based on the assumption that play develops in a hierarchical order (Parten, 1932); weights of 1 to 4 were assigned to behaviors representing non-play, solitary play, parallel play
, and group play, respectively.
Just as our four-year-old students move from playing independently to parallel play
to cooperation and finally collaboration, we have seen our staff move to true collaboration with the teacher-librarian.
was recorded where the child had one or more children playing in close proximity with whom the child did not interact (or if so, only fleetingly) and whose presence did not substantially affect his or her behaviour.