paralanguage


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to paralanguage: proxemics

paralanguage

(par″ă-lang′gwăj) [ para- + language]
Nonverbal elements in communication, including loudness, tone of voice, and, at times, facial expressions and body language.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we resort to theory on non-verbal communication, and to the functions of this silent communication stipulated by theoreticians such as Hybels, Weaver and DeVito, we could say that, in the case of the male character, it mainly emphasizes and completes his paralanguage messages, whereas, in Emma's case, it substitutes or replaces the verbal communication that is non-existent with her [25].
This supports Tu's (2002) study, which indicated that emoticons and paralanguage made the conversation more comfortable for participants (Tu).
[16] Paralanguage refers to the nonverbal elements of communication used to modify meaning and convey emotion, such as your tone, pitch or manner of speaking.
The CoSESM model relies on three basic assumptions: parity of the representations, effects of alignments at different levels, and influence of kinesics and paralanguage in the comprehension and production of language (1).
One of the categories that have received attention in studies about nonverbal communication has been the Paralanguage. Pennycook (1985) explains that paralanguage refers to all aspects of nonverbal communication and it is used in a broad sense, but not as an interrelated subsystem comprising the overall communicative competence.
Ability to use paralanguage (elements that accompany the spoken word: tone of voice, pitch and intonation, speed, loudness) Ability to use 'the body language' to communicate (kinesics): facial expressions, eye contact, posture, orientation, proximity, fine movement, gross movement and clothing and artefacts.
It throve on ambiguity and double-entendre and passed into paralanguage" (436).
Quite apart from the spoken or verbal form, the non-verbal form, otherwise known as paralanguage, is another important medium that is exploited to articulate ideas.
Because the case is written in dialogue format, students can experientially enact the sales behavior and encode the dialogue with paralanguage and other non-verbal communication which emphasizes the influence that such encoding can have on communication outcomes.
"[There is a difference] between language (what is being said) and paralanguage (how something is said)" (2011:34).
More specifically, fully 55 percent of the emotional impact of a communicator's message is nonverbal, with 38 percent accounted for by paralanguage and only 7 percent explained by spoken words.