If we resort to theory on non-verbal communication, and to the functions of this silent communication stipulated by theoreticians such as Hybels, Weaver and DeVito, we could say that, in the case of the male character, it mainly emphasizes and completes his paralanguage
messages, whereas, in Emma's case, it substitutes or replaces the verbal communication that is non-existent with her .
This supports Tu's (2002) study, which indicated that emoticons and paralanguage
made the conversation more comfortable for participants (Tu).
refers to the nonverbal elements of communication used to modify meaning and convey emotion, such as your tone, pitch or manner of speaking.
The CoSESM model relies on three basic assumptions: parity of the representations, effects of alignments at different levels, and influence of kinesics and paralanguage
in the comprehension and production of language (1).
After his post, he used paralanguage
in order to symbolize the middle finger ".I." and all its connotations.
It throve on ambiguity and double-entendre and passed into paralanguage
Quite apart from the spoken or verbal form, the non-verbal form, otherwise known as paralanguage
, is another important medium that is exploited to articulate ideas.
"[There is a difference] between language (what is being said) and paralanguage
(how something is said)" (2011:34).
More specifically, fully 55 percent of the emotional impact of a communicator's message is nonverbal, with 38 percent accounted for by paralanguage
and only 7 percent explained by spoken words.