Complete genome sequence of a novel porcine parainfluenza virus
5 isolate in Korea.
Clinical and molecular epidemiology of human parainfluenza virus
4 infections in Hong Kong : Subtype 4B as common as subtype 4A.
infections in a tropical city: clinical and epidemiological aspects.
Compans, "The P gene of human parainfluenza virus
type 1 encodes P and C proteins but not a cysteine-rich V protein," Journal of Virology, vol.
The authors were able to show that EPs[R] 7630 at concentrations up to 100 [micro]g/ml interfered with replication of seasonal influenza A virus strains (H1N1 and H3N2), respiratory syncytial virus, human coronavirus, parainfluenza virus
, and coxsackievirus but did not affect replication of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (H5N1), adenovirus, or rhinovirus.
The cause is usually parainfluenza virus
, but other causes include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza.
Viral identification is made by indirect immunofluorescence on centrifuged cell cultures using monoclonal antibodies (influenza virus, parainfluenza virus
, adenovirus, cytomegalovirus and RSV).
Among the infectious organisms that have been proposed are Yersinia enterocolitica, cytomegalovirus (CMV), human herpesvirus (HHV), varicella-zoster virus, parainfluenza virus
, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Many, like parainfluenza virus
and adenovirus, create mild symptoms that usually resolve without the need for treatment.
When organisms like the parainfluenza virus
infect the pediatric airway, the entire airway swells.
Moderna currently has four development candidates for potential commercial uses in this modality, including: respiratory syncytial virus vaccine (mRNA-1777 and mRNA-1172 with Merck), cytomegalovirus vaccine (mRNA-1647) and human metapneumovirus and parainfluenza virus
type 3 (hMPV+PIV3) vaccine (mRNA-1653).
Regarding an earlier announcement on a cluster of patients infected with Parainfluenza Virus
Type 2 in a male ward for severe intellectual disability, the spokesperson for Siu Lam Hospital made the following update (January 5):