parainfluenza


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Related to parainfluenza: rhinovirus, adenovirus

parainfluenza

(păr′ə-ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zə)
n.
Any of several genera of paramyxoviruses that are similar to the viruses that cause influenza and are associated with various respiratory infections, especially in children.

parainfluenza

Infectious disease A virus that causes URIs–up to 50% of croup and 10–15% of bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonias in toddlers Clinical Rhinorrhea, cold-like Sx Risk factors Preschool children; by school age most children have been exposed to parainfluenza virus; most adults have antibodies against parainfluenza. Cf Influenza.

parainfluenza

An infection with a parainfluenza virus. This is usually no more than a common cold, but sometimes parainfluenza viruses cause serious illnesses featuring CROUP and PNEUMONIA.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, hospitalizations for parainfluenza infections occurred at a rate of 32 cases/10,000 population under age 1 year, compared with 15/10,000 in 1- to 2-year-olds, and 4 cases/10,000 in children older than 2 and younger than 5, she reported.
We have no vaccines or effective drugs to stop viruses like parainfluenza," says Fran Rubin, program officer for respiratory diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, which partially funded Crennell's study.
The company said DAS181 has demonstrated antiviral activity against three of the four major respiratory viruses, influenza virus (IFV), parainfluenza virus (PIV) and metapneumovirus (MPV), as well as human enterovirus-68 (EV-68).
Vaccination is the only way to protect your dog from serious diseases like parvovirus and leptospirosis, as well as distemper, hepatitis and parainfluenza.
Specimens were tested by real-time PCR and rRT-PCR for the following agents (13): influenza A and B viruses, human metapneumovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus (types 1, 2, 3, and 4), enterovirus, rhinovirus, and Mycoplasma spp.
The most frequently detected noninfluenza viruses were human picornaviruses (673), respiratory syncytial virus A/B (312), human parainfluenza virus types 1 to 4 (193), adenoviruses B through D (157), bocaviruses (126), and coronaviruses OC43/229E (61); 467 children had two or more viruses detected, including 115 children with influenza.
The presence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (A+B), influenza virus (A+B), parainfluenza virus (PIV) (1, 2, 3, 4), human metapneumovirus, rhinovirus and coronavirus (OC43+229E) in throat swab samples were investigated by real-time PCR The RealAccurateTM Respiratory RT PCR Kit (PathoFinder B.
ANTIBODIES AGAINST PARAINFLUENZA 3 VIRUS IN PIGS FROM TECHNIFIED AND BACKYARD FARMS SLAUGHTERED IN LIMA, PERU
Using genetic engineering, he and his team of researchers inserted a nonviral piece of the rabies virus into parainfluenza virus 5, called PIV5, which is a virus that causes respiratory infection in dogs.
17) The parainfluenza virus (PIV) is the second leading cause of bronchiolitis and the leadingcause of laryngotracheobronchitis or croup in children aged <5 years old.
Indirect immunofluorescence assays were negative for likely viruses including influenza A and B, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, and parainfluenza viruses types 1 to 3.