parainfluenza


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Related to parainfluenza: rhinovirus, adenovirus

parainfluenza

(păr′ə-ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zə)
n.
Any of several genera of paramyxoviruses that are similar to the viruses that cause influenza and are associated with various respiratory infections, especially in children.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

parainfluenza

Infectious disease A virus that causes URIs–up to 50% of croup and 10–15% of bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonias in toddlers Clinical Rhinorrhea, cold-like Sx Risk factors Preschool children; by school age most children have been exposed to parainfluenza virus; most adults have antibodies against parainfluenza. Cf Influenza.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

parainfluenza

An infection with a parainfluenza virus. This is usually no more than a common cold, but sometimes parainfluenza viruses cause serious illnesses featuring CROUP and PNEUMONIA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It also may be that palivizumab evened the playing field for RSV but not for other viruses such as parainfluenza, adenovirus, or even rhinovirus.
Biopharmaceutical company Ansun Biopharma Inc said on Tuesday that it has enrolled the first patient under its Phase 3 clinical trial (STOP PIV) evaluating the efficacy and safety of DAS181 for the treatment of hospitalised, immunocompromised patients with lower respiratory tract parainfluenza virus infection.
Respiratory viruses such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, human bocavirus, human metapneumovirus, and coronavirus were not detected in the nasopharyngeal swab specimen by multiplex PCR.
Extracted nucleic acid was screened by rRT-PCR with Fast Track Diagnostic (FTD) Respiratory pathogens 21 kit (Biomerieux, Luxemburg) following the manufacturer's protocol using five multiplex PCR for viruses: influenza (InfV) type A-B, influenza A/H1N1, rhinovirus (RV), coronavirus (CoV) OC43, NL63, 229E, and HKU1, parainfluenza virus (PIV) type 1-4, metapneumovirus (MPV) A-B, bocavirus (BV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A-B, adenovirus (AV), enterovirus (EV), parechovirus (PeV), and one bacterial pathogen: Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Other viruses included parainfluenza (types 1, 2, 3 and 4), influenza A and B, influenza A H1N1 (a subtype of the influenza A virus), human rhinovirus and enterovirus.
Common respiratory viruses include influenza virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human coronaviruses, human metapneumovirus (hMPV), and rhinovirus [7, 8].
Parainfluenza virus type-1 is the most common cause of pediatric croup, but RSV and adenovirus are frequently implicated [6, 7].
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in nasopharyngeal swab was requested the day after the clinical deterioration and was positive for parainfluenza 3 virus (PIV3).
There is also protection against other diseases such as adenovirus and parainfluenza virus.
Aside from the "swine flu", other viral diseases such as respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza and rhinovirus are spread in the country.