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Relating to paracentesis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Relating to paracentesis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(par?a-sen-te'sis) [ para- + centesis]
The puncture of a cavity with removal of fluid, as in pleural effusion or ascites. Paracentesis commonly refers to aspiration of fluid from within the peritoneum.paracentetic (-tet'ik), adjective

Patient care

The procedure is explained to the patient and an informed consent is obtained. The patient is assessed for allergies, including local anesthetics and antiseptic agents, and for bleeding and coagulation abnormalities. The patient should have an intravenous access and should empty his/her bladder before the procedure. Emotional support is offered during the procedure, and the patient is encouraged to express feelings. The patient is positioned as directed by the physician. Vital signs are monitored, especially for changes in respiratory rate, pulse, and blood pressure. The amount of fluid removed is measured and recorded, and its appearance, color, consistency, odor, and specific gravity are noted. The puncture site is observed, a pressure dressing applied, and redressed as necessary. Specimens are sent to laboratories as directed. The procedure and the patient's response are documented, and the patient is monitored for several hours after the procedure, e.g., for bleeding or drainage from the puncture site, or worsening internal pain.

abdominal paracentesis

Paracentesis of the abdominal cavity so that ascitic fluid can be obtained for analysis.

anterior chamber paracentesis

Corneal puncture with removal of aqueous fluid from the anterior chamber of the eye. It is used to instantaneously reduce intraocular pressure and to send fluids for culture and analysis, e.g., in cases of acute angle closure glaucoma or endophthalmitis. Care must be taken to perform the procedure until strict antiseptic conditions.

paracentesis pulmonis

Removal of fluid from a lung.

paracentesis thoracis


paracentesis tympani

Drainage or irrigation through incision of the tympanic membrane.

paracentesis vesicae

Puncture of the wall of the urinary bladder.
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