papillitis


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Related to papillitis: necrotizing papillitis

papillitis

 [pap″ĭ-li´tis]
inflammation of a papilla, especially of the optic disk.

pap·il·li·tis

(pap'i-lī'tis),
1. Optic neuritis with swelling of the optic disk.
2. Inflammation of the renal papilla.
[papilla + G. -itis, inflammation]

pap·il·li·tis

(pap'i-lī'tis)
1. Optic neuritis with swelling of the optic disc.
2. Inflammation of the renal papilla.
[papilla + G. -itis, inflammation]

neuritis, optic

Inflammation of the optic nerve, which can occur anywhere along its course from the ganglion cells in the retina to the synapse of these cell fibres in the lateral geniculate body. If the inflammation is restricted to the optic nerve head the condition is called papillitis (or intraocular optic neuritis) and if it is located in the orbital portion of the nerve it is called retrobulbar optic neuritis (or orbital optic neuritis).In papillitis the optic nerve head is hyperaemic with blurred margins and slightly oedematous. Haemorrhages and exudates may also appear. In retrobulbar optic neuritis, there are usually no visible signs in the fundus of the eye until the disease has advanced and optic atrophy may appear. However, both types are accompanied by a loss of visual acuity along with a central scotoma and impairment of colour vision. The loss of vision may occur abruptly over a few hours and recovery may be equally rapid but in some patients the loss may be slow. In retrobulbar optic neuritis, there is also pain on movement of the eyes and sometimes tenderness on palpation. The disease is usually unilateral although the second eye may become involved later. It is usually transient and full or partial recovery takes place within weeks. The primary cause of optic neuritis is multiple sclerosis but it may also be associated with severe inflammation of the retina or choroid, vitamin B deficiency, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, lactation, toxicity or syphilis. See Devic's disease; papilloedema; Marcus Gunn pupil; Kollner's rule; photostress test.
References in periodicals archive ?
A presumed recurrent toxoplasmosis expressing as a papillitis with an active juxtapapillary retinochoroiditis focus in the affected eye and a healed retinochoroiditis in the unaffected eye, was strongly suspected in this patient.
Previous studies highlight the usefulness of systemic corticosteroids (intravenous and oral) and periocular injections to treat macular edema (4), papillitis (23), and posterior placoid chorioretinopathy (40).
Our patient had prepapillary CBD stricture along with papillary stenosis and papillitis secondary to CMV infection with no evidence of sclerosing cholangitis.
Vakros, "Case report: papillitis as the sole ocular sign in Lyme disease," Clinical Ophthalmology, vol.
(iv) Ocular manifestations consistent with the disease as uveitis (anterior, posterior, or panuveitis) and retinal vasculitis, chorioretinitis, or papillitis
[chi square] Residual Probability Frequency (%) Disease activity (patient) -2.11 0.05 Oral ulcers 0.92 0.63 86.2 Uveitis 0.70 0.51 72.8 Hypertonia 0.39 0.24 33.8 Spastic gait 0.27 0.22 28.4 Blurry vision -0.11 0.18 25.5 Incontinence -0.17 0.12 16.7 Punctate lesions through CNS -0.23 0.11 13.8 Papillitis -0.26 0.10 11.6 Asymmetrical lower extremity -0.34 0.09 9.2 hypertonia Vitritis -0.39 0.08 4.9 Person separation index 0.64 Item-trait interaction 0.22 [chi square]: Chi-squared statistic.
The most common ocular signs are neuroretinitis, papillitis, and uveitis.
Conversely, OCT accurately documents changes in the thickness of retinal layers such as swelling in case of acute optic neuritis with optic disc swelling; this might be proven further useful, although only one-third of patients with acute optic neuritis show papillitis [4, 8].
We present a 49-year-old female patient who had tertiary syphilis characterized by gummas and papillitis on a background of HIV coinfection.
Acute necrotizing renal papillitis experimentally produced in rats fed mono-N-methylaniline.
Rarely uveitis, papillitis or endophtalmitis may also be observed.
OT is typically a monocular disease of young children [5], and its clinical findings include posterior and peripheral retinochoroiditis, optic papillitis, and endophthalmitis [7, 8].