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See papilla.


(pa-pil'a) (pa-pil'e?, i?) plural.papillae [L. papilla, nipple, teat]
A small nipple-like protuberance or elevation.

Bergmeister's papilla

See: Bergmeister's papilla

circumvallate papilla

Any of the large papillae near the base on the dorsal aspect of the tongue, arranged in a V-shape. The taste buds are located in the epithelium of the trench surrounding the papilla. Synonym: vallate papilla

clavate papilla

Fungiform papilla.

conical papilla

1. Any of the papillae on the dorsum of the tongue.
2. Any of the papillae in the ridgelike projections of the dermis.
Synonym: papilla of corium

papilla of corium

Conical papilla (2).

dental papilla

A mass of connective tissue that becomes enclosed by the developing enamel organ. It gives rise to dentin and dental pulp.

dermal papilla

Any of the small elevations of the corium that indent the inner surface of the epidermis.

duodenal papilla

Papilla of Vater.

filiform papilla

Any of the very slender papillae at the tip of the tongue.

foliate papilla

Any of the folds in the sides of the tongue. They are rudimentary papillae.

fungiform papilla

Any of the broad flat papillae resembling a mushroom, chiefly found on the dorsal central area of the tongue.
Synonym: clavate papilla

gingival papilla

The gingivae that fill the spaces between adjacent teeth. They are rudimentary papillae.

gustatory papilla

Taste papilla of tongue; one of those possessing a taste bud. Synonym: taste papilla

papilla of hair

A conical process of the corium that projects into the undersurface of a hair bulb. It contains capillaries that nourish the hair root.
Synonym: papilla pili

incisive papilla

A small bump in the mucosa above and just forward of the incisive foramen at the very front of the hard palate. The papilla is used as an injection site when anesthetizing the nasopalatine nerve. Synonym: palatine papilla

interdental papilla

The triangular part of the gingivae that fills the area between adjacent teeth. The papilla includes free gingiva and attached gingiva and projections seen from the lingual, buccal, or labial sides of the tooth. Synonym: interproximal papilla

interproximal papilla

Interdental papilla.

lacrimal papilla

An elevation in the medial edge of each eyelid, in the center of which is the opening of the lacrimal duct.

lenticular papilla

A small rounded elevation underlying lymphatic nodules in the mucosa of the root of the tongue.

lingual papilla

Any of the papillae covering the anterior two thirds of the tongue. These include circumvallate, filiform, fungiform, and conical papillae.

papilla mammae

The nipple of the mammary gland.

optic papilla

Blind spot (1).

palatine papilla

Incisive papilla.

parotid papilla

The projections around the opening of the parotid duct into the oral cavity.

papilla pili

Papilla of hair.

renal papilla

The apex of a renal pyramid in the kidney, enclosed by a calyx of the renal pelvis.

tactile papilla

A dermal papilla that contains a sensory receptor for touch.

taste papilla

Gustatory papilla.

urethral papilla

The small projection in the vestibule of the female perineum at the entrance of the urethra.

vallate papilla

Circumvallate papilla.

papilla of Vater

See: Vater, Abraham
References in periodicals archive ?
In the analyzed animals, greater stratification and papillae number were observed in the coronary corium, the laminar corium of the abaxial wall and sole respectively.
The degrees of freedom in the papillae system are really beautiful," Hanlon says.
Generally, initiation of solid feed intake and subsequent ruminal fermentation results in an increase in rumen tissue mass and papillae growth [9].
Limbal pannus and Horner-Trantas dots healed in all patients but large papillae resolved in only 20 (77%) patients of the group while active shield ulcer in 18 (69%) patients.
25 mm in length (n=3), strongly sclerotized, brown, shaft widest anteriorly, tridentate, middle tooth convex, appreciably shorter than lateral teeth; 4 lateral papillae on each side of spatula, 2 with setae, the other 2 asetose; three pairs of setose terminal papillae, all similar in length (Figure 13).
Primary papillae conical with rounded bases and apparently two (maximum three) "scale ranks" (=rows of scales) in the apical section.
The thick cuticle is with micropapillae and the on the epiderma is seen papillae.
Fine scale analysis consisted of examining the papillae patterns and calculating the interpapillae distances in the program IMAGEJ.
Caudal papillae variable in number with 10 preanal and 5 postanal pairs, sub-ventral, second postanal pair (from cloaca) slightly more lateral.
These foci of various sizes can also be due to mucosal sloughing and accumulation of proteinacious material adjacent to the tips of the renal papillae and calyceal cups which latter on undergo calcifications, as diabetes is known to cause calcifications at various locations.
In contrast, the salt-secreting gill epithelial cells of brine shrimp, Artemia salina (Copeland 1967), the epithelial cells of the pereopodal discoid osmoregulatory organ of esturine amphoid, Melita setiflagella (Kikuchi & Matsumasa 1995), and the epithelial cells of the anal papillae of the saltwater mosquito larva, Aedes campestris (Meredith & Phillips 1973), are characterized by shallow apical membrane infoldings that are not closely associated with mitochondria.