Simanov et al., "Identification of new sub-genotypes of virulent Newcastle disease virus with potential panzootic
features," Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol.
Detection of NDV first time in Indonesia and at the same time at Newcastle-on-tyne, England since 1926 the various genotypes were documented for different panzootic
, the NDV genotypes I, II, III and IV contains in class II were responsible for first ND panzootic
that last since 1920s to 1960s (Alexander, 2001).
Identify the following case studies as endemic, enzootic, sporadic, epidemic, epizootic, pandemic, or panzootic
Rowe, "A Decade of Destruction: The Great Rinderpest Panzootic
of East and Central Africa, 1887-1897" (Paper Presented to the Symposium on Diseases and History in Africa, Duke Univ., Apr.
The first isolation of PMV-1 virus responsible for the current panzootic
Racing and show pigeons have also been infected with NDV and in the late 1970s a panzootic
originating from the Middle East occurred in these birds.
The iterative transmission of CWD prions to cervids with protective alleles of PrPc and the consequent emergence of new CWD prion strains highlights the dynamics of the CWD panzootic
and the value of characterizing the host range of emergent CWD prion strains.
In recent years, H9N2 virus has attained a great importance as its infection has reached in panzootic
proportions (Cameron et al., 2000) In Pakistan, first outbreak was reported in 1994-95 (Muneer et al., 1995) while in 1998, an outbreak of disease in breeder flock was diagnosed as avian influenza and subtype was confirmed as H9N2 virus (Naeem et al., 1999).
Evolutionary dynamics and emergence of panzootic
H5N1 influenza viruses.
Outbreaks and the emergence of novel fungal infections: lessons from the panzootic
of amphibian chytridiomycosis.
These results showed that at least 3 distinct groups existed in chicken flocks in China, and A2-like and M41-like viruses were mainly responsible for the IB panzootic
, consistent with findngs of our previous studies (5,16).
Management of the panzootic
white-nose syndrome through culling of bats.