panophthalmitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

panophthalmitis

 [pan″of-thal-mi´tis]
inflammation of all the eye structures or tissues.

pan·oph·thal·mi·tis

(pan'of-thal-mī'tĭs),
Purulent inflammation of all layers of the eye.
[pan- + G. ophthalmos, eye]

panophthalmitis

/pan·oph·thal·mi·tis/ (pan″of-thal-mi´tis) inflammation of all the eye structures or tissues.

panophthalmitis

[pan′ofthalmī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, pan + ophthalmos, eye, itis
an inflammation of the entire eye, usually caused by virulent pyogenic organisms, such as strains of meningococci, pneumococci, streptococci, anthrax bacilli, and clostridia. Initial symptoms are pain, fever, headache, drowsiness, edema, and swelling. As the infection progresses, the iris appears muddy and gray, the aqueous humor becomes turbid, and precipitates form on the posterior surface of the cornea. Treatment consists of intensive systemic and local antibiotic therapy. Evisceration of the globe or excision of the eye may be required, but excision is contraindicated if surrounding tissues are infected.

panophthalmitis

Inflammation involving all the tissues of the eyeball. Panophthalmitis usually ends in blindness.

panophthalmitis 

Acute inflammation of the eyeball involving all its structures and extending into the orbit. The disease develops very rapidly. The eyelids are red and swollen and there is severe chemosis of the conjunctiva. The cornea is often a whitish mass of necrotic tissue and there may be severe ocular pain. See endophthalmitis.

panophthalmitis

inflammation of all the eye structures or tissues. May occur as a result of a penetrating injury but is of greatest importance as a part of a generalized infection, e.g. streptococcal septicemia of the newborn foal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Complications-Total ulceration, Thinning of cornea Descemetocele, Perforation, Endophthalmitis or panophthalmitis.
The complications associated with iris prolapse and corneal laceration include uveitis, endophthalmitis, panophthalmitis, anterior synechia, pigmentation, secondary glaucoma and dehiscence of suture (Miller, 2008).
CT scan was done in patients with severe proptosis and in patients with suspected panophthalmitis or cavernous venous thrombosis (Fig.
47,48) If treatment is delayed, ulcerations, anterior synechiae, anterior staphyloma, panophthalmitis, and loss of the eye may result.
Otherwise this leads to dangerous complications like panophthalmitis, facial cellulitis, orbital cellulitis and sometimes life threatening conditions like cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis.
5,6) Corneal ulceration and perforation, iridocyclitis, anterior synechiae, and panophthalmitis from untreated gonococcal ophthalmitis may result in permanent vision loss and blindness.
The danger of panophthalmitis is also present if any intraocular surgery is undertaken hence, an effective treatment of dacryocystitis is very necessary.
This fact is of considerable importance since it explains the frequency with which a hypopyon, ulcer arises in these cases and the danger of panophthalmitis if any intraocular operation is undertaken.
Partial filling or non-filling of parallelogram was due to venous thrombosis, inflammatory conditions such as panophthalmitis or tumor causing extraneous pressure such as CA ethmoid, Frontoethmoidal tumor, Lacrimal gland tumor and ivory osteoma of Frontal bone in our series of cases, like that of studies performed by (1-4).
Chronic tear stasis and secondary infection occurring in this condition can lead to acute exacerbations of dacryocystitis, mucocele, chronic conjunctivitis, corneal ulcer, orbital cellulitis in untreated cases and panophthalmitis in cases having undergone intraocular surgeries (2,5).
It is critical to detect wood as organic foreign bodies can lead to a number of complications including cellulitis, abscess, panophthalmitis, fistula formation and increased mortality (2).