The entire surgical procedure, comprised of panendoscopy
, rigid bronchoscopy, and biopsy of left vocal cord lesion, lasted 14 minutes.
Upper GI panendoscopy
facilitated fibrin glue injection to ensure occlusion of the internal hole.
Synchronous second primary tumors in 2,016 head and neck cancer patients: Role of symptom-directed panendoscopy
. Laryngoscope 2011;121(2):304-9.
For carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx panendoscopy
is mandatory (laryngoscopy, rigid bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy, and nasopharyngoscopic examination) at the time of evaluation and biopsy of the primary malignant lesion with the patient under general anesthesia.
The diagnosis made from the biopsy specimens on upper gastrointestinal panendoscopy
study was metastatic RCC in the duodenum.
Intubation is best performed in the context of a panendoscopy
so that the injury is evaluated under direct vision.
Also this should be combined with regular follow up with panendoscopy
to prevent and detect any possible recurrence in the aerodigestive tract.
However, upper GI panendoscopy
showed erosive gastritis of antrum and a duodenal ulcerative lesion which was biopsied.
Findings on a detailed panendoscopy
with blind biopsies and palpation of the tongue base were negative.
Extensive physical examination under anesthesia, screening panendoscopy
(nasal, laryngeal, and esophageal), high-resolution computed tomography, and random biopsies of the upper aerodigestive tract followed by tonsillectomy (especially ipsilateral) are all used to identify the primary.
(1) Alternatively, the use of panendoscopy
with biopsy of irradiated tissues in patients with a presumed recurrence may promote radionecrosis; furthermore, many patients without recurrence would be exposed to additional surgical and anesthetic risks.
The patient also underwent random biopsies of the draining region, a left tonsillectomy, and panendoscopy
. Findings on computed tomography (CT) of the neck, which was undertaken after the histopathologic examination of the excised lymph node, were normal.