panencephalitis


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Related to panencephalitis: anencephaly, coryza, cytokine

panencephalitis

 [pan″en-sef″ah-li´tis]
encephalitis, probably of viral origin, that produces intranuclear or intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies that result in parenchymatous lesions of both the gray and white matter of the brain.

pan·en·ceph·a·li·tis

(pan'en-sef'ă-lī'tis),
A diffuse inflammation of the brain.

panencephalitis

/pan·en·ceph·a·li·tis/ (pan″en-sef″ah-li´tis) encephalitis, probably of viral origin, which produces intranuclear or intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies that result in parenchymatous lesions of both the gray and white matter of the brain.

panencephalitis

(păn′ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
1. Encephalitis that affects both gray and white matter of the brain, resulting in progressive loss of mental and motor functions.
2. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

panencephalitis

[pan′ənsef′əlī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, pan + enkephale, brain, itis
inflammation of the entire brain characterized by an insidious onset, a progressive course with deterioration of motor and mental functions, and evidence of a viral cause. One example is subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, an uncommon childhood disease thought to be caused by a "slow" latent measles virus after recovery from a previous infection. Most of the patients are younger than 11 years of age, and many more boys than girls are affected. The disease results in ataxia, myoclonus, atrophy, cortical blindness, and mental deterioration. Antiviral drugs, immunosuppressants, and interferon inducers are sometimes administered, but the disease is usually unremitting and fatal.

panencephalitis

Simultaneous inflammation of the gray and white matter. See Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

pan·en·ceph·a·li·tis

(pan'en-sef'ă-lī'tis)
A diffuse inflammation of the brain.

panencephalitis

An ENCEPHALITIS involving the grey and white matter simultaneously. A very severe form affecting children is caused by a MYXOVIRUS (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis).

panencephalitis

encephalitis with parenchymatous lesions of both the gray and white matter of the brain.

sclerosing panencephalitis
see old dog encephalitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Young-onset dementia, Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, Electroencephalogram.
Autoimmune/idiopathic Multiple sclerosis (MS) Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) 2.
Mitochondrial abnormalities in cortical dendrites from patients with early forms of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE).
Table 1 Cholinesterase inhibitors have shown benefit in many neuropsychiatric conditions* Alcoholism with Wernicke's encephalopathy Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Autism Bipolar disorder Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Dementia pugilistica Dementia with Lewy bodies Olivopontocerebellar atrophy Parkinson's disease with dementia Parkinsonism dementia complex of Guam Pick's disease Progressive supranuclear palsy Schizophrenia Sleep disorders Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Traumatic brain injury Vascular dementia * Data from case reports and small studies.
Some children develop sub-acute sclerosing panencephalitis up to 10 years years after measles infection, which is fatal.
Jack's disease - subacute sclerosing panencephalitis - is slowly killing him.
Measles can cause complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis (brain infection), seizures, and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a rare degenerative condition of the brain.
Post-polio syndrome Poliovirus 46-48 Subacute sclerosing Measles virus 49 panencephalitis Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Prions 50, 51 Alzheimer's disease Prions ?
As mentioned, measles virus is known to cause persistent infections in the brain that can lead to subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and "measles virus inclusion body encephalitis.
Often, the discussion would turn to a condition called progressive rubella panencephalitis (PRP).