pancytopenia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pancytopenia

 [pan″si-to-pe´ne-ah]
abnormal depression of all the cellular elements of the blood.

pan·cy·to·pe·ni·a

(pan'sī-tō-pē'nē-ă),
Pronounced reduction in the number of erythrocytes, all types of leukocytes, and the blood platelets in the circulating blood.
[pan- + G. kytos, cell, + penia, poverty]

pancytopenia

/pan·cy·to·pe·nia/ (-sīt-ah-pe´ne-ah) abnormal depression of all the cellular elements of the blood.

pancytopenia

(păn′sī-tə-pē′nē-ə)
n.
An abnormally low level of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the circulating blood.

pancytopenia

[pan′sītəpē′nē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, pan + kytos, cell, penia, poverty
simultaneous reduction in red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelet counts. See also anemia, aplasia, neutropenia. pancytopenic, adj.

pancytopenia

Hematology A global ↓ of 'blood cells' with hypoplasia or aplasia of hematopoietic precursors in BM–eg, hypoplastic myelodysplasia Etiology Aplastic anemia–drug-related, especially in chemotherapy, RT, toxins, BM replacement by hematopoietic, lymphoproliferative and metastatic CA, storage diseases, osteopetrosis, myelofibrosis, hypersplenism–congestive splenomegaly, hematopoietic malignancy, storage diseases, sarcoidosis, malaria, kala-azar, infection–eg, fungemia, septicemia, TB, megaloblastic anemia. See Fanconi's disease.

pan·cy·to·pe·ni·a

(pan'sī-tō-pē'nē-ă)
Pronounced reduction in the number of erythrocytes, all types of leukocytes, and the blood platelets in the circulating blood.
[G. pan-, all + G. kytos, cell, + penia, poverty]

pancytopenia

An abnormal decrease in the numbers of the cellular elements in the blood and of the PLATELETS.

pancytopenia

marked reduction in numbers of circulating blood cells

pan·cy·to·pe·ni·a

(pan'sī-tō-pē'nē-ă)
Pronounced reduction in number of erythrocytes, all types of leukocytes, and blood platelets in the circulating blood.
[G. pan-, all + G. kytos, cell, + penia, poverty]

pancytopenia

abnormal depression of all the cellular elements of the blood. Results from the depression of activity of bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes such as occurs in radiation injury and a number of poisonings, e.g. Pteridium aquilinum, trichlorethylene extracted soybean meal, nitrofurans and stachybotrytoxicosis.

myelophthisic pancytopenia
resulting from loss of bone marrow function.
tropical canine pancytopenia
see canine ehrlichiosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aplastic anemia is a hematologic condition that results in pancytopenia and is characterized by bone marrow hypoplasia or aplasia.
Conclusion: Megaloblastic anaemia is the most common cause of pancytopenia in our population as compared to aplastic anaemia mentioned in most of the international studies.
The incidence of underlying pathology in pancytopenia An experience of 89 cases.
One of the theories behind the etiology of transient pancytopenia in HPV B19 infections is that the virus could be responsible for the temporary arrest of hematopoiesis that leads to aplastic crisis in persons with chronic hemolytic anemia.
A notable observation in our study was the association of all cases of pancytopenia with low CD4+ counts.
Aplastic anemia is defined as presence of pancytopenia in peripheral blood and hypocellular marrow in which normal haemopoietic marrow is replaced by fat cells1.
Hemophagocytic syndrome is characterised by pancytopenia, hyperferritenemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hypofibrinogenemia.
On investigations, her laboratory data results showed pancytopenia (WBC, 900/mm3, hemoglobin (Hb) 3.
There have been postmarketing reports of "serious cases" of pancytopenia in people treated with boceprevir in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, according to the FDA.
The disease is also known as Canine rickettsiosis, canine hemorrhagic fever, tracker dog disease and canine tick typhus, Nairobi bleeding disorder and tropical canine pancytopenia.
This is also important to understanding diseases like pancytopenia, in which people don't produce enough mature red and white blood cells and platelets.