pancreatic calculus


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Related to pancreatic calculus: pancreatic lithiasis

pan·cre·at·ic cal·cu·lus

a concretion, usually multiple, in the pancreatic duct, associated with chronic pancreatitis.

pan·cre·at·ic cal·cu·lus

(pan'-krē-at'ik kal'kyū-lŭs)
A concretion, usually multiple, inthe pancreatic duct, associated with chronic pancreatitis.

pancreatic calculus

A calculus in the pancreas, made of calcium carbonate with other salts and inorganic materials.
See also: calculus

calculus

pl. calculi [L.] an abnormal concretion, usually composed of mineral salts, occurring within the animal body, chiefly in the hollow organs or their passages. Called also stones, as in kidney stones (urolithiasis) and gallstones. See also hippomanes.

biliary calculus
a gallstone.
bronchial calculus
see bronchial calculus.
dental calculus
mineralized deposits of calcium phosphate and carbonate, with organic matter, deposited on tooth surfaces. Found commonly in dogs and cats, sometimes in horses, rarely in sheep. May initiate caries and peridontal disease.
lung calculus
a concretion formed in the bronchi. See also bronchial calculus.
pancreatic calculus
very small (4 to 5 mm) calculi in pancreatic ducts, rare and of no pathogenic importance.
prostatic calculus
concretions of calcium phosphates and carbonates in the prostatic ducts are rare and of no clinical significance.
renal calculus
salivary calculus
white, hard, laminated concretions in the salivary duct; a sialolith. Occurs most commonly in horses.
urethral calculus
a calculus lodged in the urethra causes obstruction of the urethra with a potential for causing rupture of the bladder or perforation of the urethra and leaking of urine into subcutaneous or retroperitoneal sites. See also urolith, urolithiasis.
urinary calculus
a calculus in any part of the urinary tract. See urolithiasis.
vesical calculus
a urolith in the urinary bladder.

pancreatic

pertaining to the pancreas. See also pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, cystic pancreatic duct.

pancreatic abscess
occurs as a complication of acute pancreatitis or subsequent to pancreatic surgery due to bacterial contamination but is most common as an extension from a leaking gastric ulcer.
pancreatic acinar atrophy
the islets of Langerhans remain normal but acinar tissue atrophies and exocrine function is compromised. Seen most commonly in large breeds of dogs, particularly German shepherd dogs. Clinical signs are related to the exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (see below).
acute pancreatic necrosis
see acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
pancreatic
alpha cells cells in the islet of Langerhans which secrete glucagon.
pancreatic anomaly
includes acinar hypoplasia and congenital Islet of langerhans aplasia.
pancreatic
beta cells comprise the majority of pancreatic islet cell population; secrete insulin.
pancreatic bladder
a diverticulum in the pancreatic duct like a gallbladder in the bile duct. Seen in some cats.
pancreatic C-cells
cells in the islet of Langerhans with no known function.
pancreatic calculus
small concretions, 4 to 5 mm diameter, in the pancreatic ducts, caused by chronic inflammation. Seen, usually in large numbers, in cattle.
pancreatic cysts
anomalous obstructions of ducts, often associated with similar cysts in kidneys and bile ducts.
pancreatic delta cells
cells in the islet of Langerhans; known to secrete somatostatin, and vasoactive intestinal peptide.
pancreatic duct
one of the two excretory ducts of the pancreas. Depending on the species, it may unite with the common bile duct before entering the duodenum at the major duodenal papilla. Absent from the pig and ox which only have an accessory pancreatic duct (developed from the dorsal primordium) which opens on the minor duodenal papilla. See also bile duct.
pancreatic duct obstruction
congenitally by agenesis of the duct, by pancreatic lithiasis or inflammation; causes initial distention followed by atrophy of acinar tissue.
pancreatic ectopic tissue
small masses of pancreatic exocrine or endocrine tissue found occasionally in the wall of the stomach or intestines and in the gallbladder; presumed to be functional.
pancreatic enzymes
the exocrine secretion into the intestine includes amylase, endo- and exopeptidases, and lipase. The endopeptidases include trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase, the exopeptidases are the carboxypeptidases A and B.
exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
insufficient secretion of digestive enzymes, usually due to loss of acinar tissue from idiopathic atrophy or acute or chronic inflammation, causes maldigestion and malabsorption with diarrhea, steatorrhea and weight loss.
pancreatic fibrosis
a sequel to pancreatitis, pancreatic duct obstruction, zinc poisoning.
pancreatic fluke
pancreatic gastrinoma
a gastrin-producing tumor arising from the delta cells of the pancreatic islets that causes hypergastrinemia, hypersecretion of gastric acid and ulceration of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Occurs rarely in dogs. See also zollinger-ellison syndrome.
pancreatic hypertrophy
physiological response to diets high in protein and energy.
pancreatic islets
islets of cells scattered through the pancreas; contain alpha, beta, C and D cells.
pancreatic islet cell tumor
pancreatic lipase
enzyme released from the exocrine pancreas; catalyzes the hydrolysis of dietary lipids in the presence of bile salts. See also lipase.
pancreatic lithiasis
see pancreatic calculus (above).
pancreatic nodular hyperplasia
hard, pale elevations on the surface of the gland; involve only the exocrine tissue; common in old cats and dogs; cause unknown; no discernible effect on patient.
pancreatic polypeptide
secreted by the pancreas into the blood but has no apparent function.
pancreatic trypsin inhibitor
see trypsin inhibitor.
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