pancreatic


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pancreatic

 [pan″kre-at´ik]
pertaining to the pancreas.

pan·cre·at·ic

(pan'rē-at'ik),
Relating to the pancreas.

pancreatic

/pan·cre·at·ic/ (pan″kre-at´ik) pertaining to the pancreas.

pancreatic

adjective Pertaining or referring to the pancreas.

pan·cre·at·ic

(pan'krē-at'ik)
Relating to the pancreas.

pancreatic

pertaining to the pancreas. See also pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, cystic pancreatic duct.

pancreatic abscess
occurs as a complication of acute pancreatitis or subsequent to pancreatic surgery due to bacterial contamination but is most common as an extension from a leaking gastric ulcer.
pancreatic acinar atrophy
the islets of Langerhans remain normal but acinar tissue atrophies and exocrine function is compromised. Seen most commonly in large breeds of dogs, particularly German shepherd dogs. Clinical signs are related to the exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (see below).
acute pancreatic necrosis
see acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
pancreatic
alpha cells cells in the islet of Langerhans which secrete glucagon.
pancreatic anomaly
includes acinar hypoplasia and congenital Islet of langerhans aplasia.
pancreatic
beta cells comprise the majority of pancreatic islet cell population; secrete insulin.
pancreatic bladder
a diverticulum in the pancreatic duct like a gallbladder in the bile duct. Seen in some cats.
pancreatic C-cells
cells in the islet of Langerhans with no known function.
pancreatic calculus
small concretions, 4 to 5 mm diameter, in the pancreatic ducts, caused by chronic inflammation. Seen, usually in large numbers, in cattle.
pancreatic cysts
anomalous obstructions of ducts, often associated with similar cysts in kidneys and bile ducts.
pancreatic delta cells
cells in the islet of Langerhans; known to secrete somatostatin, and vasoactive intestinal peptide.
pancreatic duct
one of the two excretory ducts of the pancreas. Depending on the species, it may unite with the common bile duct before entering the duodenum at the major duodenal papilla. Absent from the pig and ox which only have an accessory pancreatic duct (developed from the dorsal primordium) which opens on the minor duodenal papilla. See also bile duct.
pancreatic duct obstruction
congenitally by agenesis of the duct, by pancreatic lithiasis or inflammation; causes initial distention followed by atrophy of acinar tissue.
pancreatic ectopic tissue
small masses of pancreatic exocrine or endocrine tissue found occasionally in the wall of the stomach or intestines and in the gallbladder; presumed to be functional.
pancreatic enzymes
the exocrine secretion into the intestine includes amylase, endo- and exopeptidases, and lipase. The endopeptidases include trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase, the exopeptidases are the carboxypeptidases A and B.
exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
insufficient secretion of digestive enzymes, usually due to loss of acinar tissue from idiopathic atrophy or acute or chronic inflammation, causes maldigestion and malabsorption with diarrhea, steatorrhea and weight loss.
pancreatic fibrosis
a sequel to pancreatitis, pancreatic duct obstruction, zinc poisoning.
pancreatic fluke
pancreatic gastrinoma
a gastrin-producing tumor arising from the delta cells of the pancreatic islets that causes hypergastrinemia, hypersecretion of gastric acid and ulceration of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Occurs rarely in dogs. See also zollinger-ellison syndrome.
pancreatic hypertrophy
physiological response to diets high in protein and energy.
pancreatic islets
islets of cells scattered through the pancreas; contain alpha, beta, C and D cells.
pancreatic islet cell tumor
pancreatic lipase
enzyme released from the exocrine pancreas; catalyzes the hydrolysis of dietary lipids in the presence of bile salts. See also lipase.
pancreatic lithiasis
see pancreatic calculus (above).
pancreatic nodular hyperplasia
hard, pale elevations on the surface of the gland; involve only the exocrine tissue; common in old cats and dogs; cause unknown; no discernible effect on patient.
pancreatic polypeptide
secreted by the pancreas into the blood but has no apparent function.
pancreatic trypsin inhibitor
see trypsin inhibitor.
References in periodicals archive ?
In only 10-20% of patients with pancreatic cancer, the tumour is surgically resectable at the time of diagnosis.
Pancreatic cystosis is extremely rare, and to our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported in the literature.
Congenital pancreatic AVM can be an isolated finding or it can be associated with Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, an autosomal dominant syndrome, in 10-30% of patients.
Results showed that patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer had higher levels of two particular oral bacteria, Leptotrichia and Campylobacter, when compared to any other healthy or diseased state including non-cancerous pancreatic disease.
Absent advances that could lead to earlier diagnosis and better treatment, only about 6 percent of those in the United States who are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer will be alive five years from now, according to a National Cancer Institute prediction.
All too often, it is assumed that if diagnosed with pancreatic cancer nothing can be done.
Alternatively, if you, or someone you know has been affected by this issue and would like to talk to a pancreatic cancer nurse specialist, please call the Support Line on 020 3535 7099.
The pancreas makes pancreatic juices, which help the body to digest protein, carbohydrates and fats, and insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use sugars and store fats.
Three patients presented with pancreatic trauma and one patient in our study group was found to have a pancreatic tumor.
Methods: The retrospective study included all patients over 18 years of age presenting with pancreatic injury due to trauma at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, between January 1990 and December 2009.
This is caused by the fact that pancreatic cancer is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage due to the lack of symptoms in early stages and resection of an advanced tumor is not possible.
Methods: Seventy-two patients who were confirmed as resectable pancreatic carcinoma by physical examination, CT, positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ER-CP), endoscopic ultrasonography and mesenteric angiography and were admitted to the Binzhou People's Hospital, Shandong, China, from July 2013 to July 2015 were randomly selected.