All the literature pertaining to abdominal palpation that dismissed, ignored or neglected these keywords was placed to one side.
If the rationale for abdominal palpation is under-pinned by assessing uterine size and fetal well-being, then all is fine.
became an important question in seeking to understand (doubtless influenced by the introductory narrative) that for the woman something primordial, ethereal, even strange might be taking place at the moment of palpation.
It could be argued that at the moment of palpation the clinical practitioner may come to exist only in dominant modes of seeing, knowing and being (Murray, 2008), as the sovereign, powerful human subject (Foucault, 2003, p.
Yet, introduced by the beginning narrative; constructed by experiences, by listening to women and by reading, it seems that the moment of palpation can be steeped in interpretation and experience for the woman and for the midwife.
Fetal and/or early calf mortality may depend on the developmental stage of the fetus at the time of immobilization (24 January--30 March) and whether rectal palpation was conducted (e.
Similarly, we tested for any trends in fetal and neonatal mortality over years as the effect of palpation may depend on the experience of the examiners.
The factor 'immobilization' (yes = 1, no = 0), rectal palpation (yes, no), immobilization date (before, after median date), and body mass (high, low) were included as independent variables.
In contrast, calving rate, but not twinning rate, was lower in cows in which we had determined pregnancy by rectal palpation compared to those without palpation (P = 0.
Three yearling cows that were immobilized in the winter of 1994 were all found pregnant by palpation, but none of them was observed with calves in the spring.
This was supported by the higher P4 levels in cows confirmed pregnant by rectal palpation than nonpregnant cows starting on d 10 PI and thereafter until the end of the sampling period (Figure 1).
However, because pregnancy loss after maternal recognition of pregnancy is a significant cause of RB, RB cows should be monitored closely for signs of heat until pregnancy can be confirmed by rectal palpation or ultrasonography.