palmar fascia

pal·mar fas·ci·a

the deep fascia of the palm of the hand, the thinner lateral and medial portions of which are the thenar and hypothenar fascia, and the thick central portion, which roofs the central compartment of the palm, is the palmar aponeurosis.
See also: palmar aponeurosis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Lipoma, palmar fascia, excision, thenar crease, mesenchymal cells.
It is an inherited proliferative connective tissue disorder that involves the hand's palmar fascia. [3] It is named after Baron Guillaume Dupuytren, the surgeon who described an operation to correct the affliction.
Both PCBMN (a and b) were parallel to the MN (c) and perforated the forearm fascia coursing between the transverse carpal ligament and the hand palmar fascia.
After excision of diseased palmar fascia, the finger was able to be fully extended.
This is a condition of the palmar fascia, the tissue right beneath the skin of your palm.
Dupuytren's contracture (DC) is a benign fibroproliferative disease that affects the palmar fascia. As a result of progressive palmar fascial fibrosis, thickened nodules develop, nodules progress and increase in size to form cords that result in flexion contractures.
DC is a benign, slowly progressive fibro-proliferative disorder of palmar fascia. This condition can be either painless or painful and usually starts as nodule on palmar aspect.
He has also had curious success in resolving Dupuytren's contracture, or palmar fibromatosis--a thickening of the palmar fascia that causes fingers (usually the ring or little finger) to bend involuntarily toward the palm.
ADUPUYTREN'S is marked by an abnormal scarring and shortening of the palmar fascia - a tough layer of connective tissue beneath the skin which ordinarily allows tendons to move smoothly when you flex your fingers.
The major biochemical features of Dupuytren tissue are an increase of total collagen, increase in relative content of type III collagen and proteoglycans compared with normal palmar fascia,[1-5] lysyl overmodification of type I collagen, an increase of the fibronectin content,[6] and reduced cross-linking of the tissue in comparison with normal aponeurotic tissue.[7] The proportion of type III collagen increases with the degree of involvement of palmar fascia.[1,2,7,8]
In December 1831, Dupuytren presented his findings on the contracture of the palmar fascia at the Hotel Dieu.

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