6) The two were also joint contributors to an edition of the Revue du progres social where each advocated a version of Ballanchian palingenetic social progress (Me Calla, 365).
Resting upon a palingenetic structure of change, the realization of the preformed Paris contained within the city walls would be inevitable.
While Ballanche does not explain how an otherwise unillurninated people might gain access to the light needed for palingenetic evolution, he maintains that change must be organic.
While Hugo may emphasize the fraternal unity of the future, we see in the above imagery a return to the palingenetic emphasis on suffering as a precondition for this progressive and unified future.
The palingenetic expectations generated by the war are reiterated and the conflict is glorified as a transformative and spiritual event, which has the ability to cleanse the world and lift man from the sordidness of his appetites: "Essa [the war] suscita nell'individuo d'animo molle e sonnifero le volanti energie, che solo conosce senza di lei il privilegiato che vive la vita del pensiero o del sogno.
The mention of the people in Soffici's writings, however, is not only linked to the experience of the war and the subsequently newly found cross-class solidarity, but also to the awareness that, as Roger Griffin puts it, the history of the postwar years would be determined by the masses as a new subject "whose palingenetic reflexes had been awakened by this intensive experience of the end of the world" (162).
The politicization of the return to Italy's classical tradition which constituted the basis of Soffici's and many other artists' intellectual projects, combined with the nationalism and palingenetic expectations created by the war, resulted in the belief, as George Mosse put it, that "the spiritual unity of the nation would solve all difficulties.